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The Application of Geographical Information Systems and the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Selecting Sustainable Areas for Urban Green Spaces: A Case Study in Hue City, Vietnam

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International School, Hue University, Hue City 0234, Vietnam
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Board of Trustees, Hue University, Hue City 0234, Vietnam
3
Centre for Climate Change Study in Central Vietnam, University of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University, Hue City 0234, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christine Fürst, Muhammad Mushahid Anwar, Yazidhi Bamutaze, Ellen Banzhaf, Bolormaa Batsuuri, Henry Bulley, Paula Kapstein, Daniele La Rosa, Purevtseren Myagmartseren, Appollonia Okhimamhe and Malte Steinbrink
Climate 2022, 10(6), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10060082
Received: 9 May 2022 / Revised: 7 June 2022 / Accepted: 7 June 2022 / Published: 12 June 2022
In recent years, there has been growing awareness about the roles and benefits of urban green spaces (UGSs), particularly in the context of mitigating the negative effects of climate change, which have become increasingly serious. In Vietnam, the government has allocated considerable resources to the development of UGSs in many cities. However, regarding implementation, UGS development in Vietnam faces many challenges; many cities find it difficult to meet the set criterion regarding the number of green spaces per capita. This research was conducted in Hue City, which is known as one of the greenest cities in Vietnam. The results show that there are twenty-one UGSs in Hue City (with a total area of 88.67 ha). These are located primarily along the Huong River and around the Hue Imperial Citadel. However, under government stipulations, the current number of UGSs is not considered sufficient in proportion to the local population, and will not accommodate the future growth of the population. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) along with the participation of local residents, using six criteria to map potential areas for future UGS planning. In this, the distance from existing residential areas to potential UGS locations is the most important criterion. The suitability map identified 684 hectares of Hue City as highly suitable for UGSs. This research also proposes a scenario for UGS planning in Hue based on retaining the existing green spaces combined with creating another 35 green spaces, comprising a total area of 167 hectares. This is to meet the needs of local residents by 2030. View Full-Text
Keywords: analytic hierarchy process; land evaluation; Hue City; urban green space analytic hierarchy process; land evaluation; Hue City; urban green space
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MDPI and ACS Style

Linh, N.H.K.; Tung, P.G.; Chuong, H.V.; Ngoc, N.B.; Phuong, T.T. The Application of Geographical Information Systems and the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Selecting Sustainable Areas for Urban Green Spaces: A Case Study in Hue City, Vietnam. Climate 2022, 10, 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10060082

AMA Style

Linh NHK, Tung PG, Chuong HV, Ngoc NB, Phuong TT. The Application of Geographical Information Systems and the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Selecting Sustainable Areas for Urban Green Spaces: A Case Study in Hue City, Vietnam. Climate. 2022; 10(6):82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10060082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Linh, Nguyen Hoang Khanh, Pham Gia Tung, Huynh Van Chuong, Nguyen Bich Ngoc, and Tran Thi Phuong. 2022. "The Application of Geographical Information Systems and the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Selecting Sustainable Areas for Urban Green Spaces: A Case Study in Hue City, Vietnam" Climate 10, no. 6: 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10060082

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