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Identifying Forest Degradation and Restoration Opportunities in the Lancang-Mekong Region: A Tool to Determine Criteria and Indicators

1
Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
2
Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation, Beijing 100102, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Steven McNulty
Climate 2022, 10(4), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10040052
Received: 5 March 2022 / Revised: 17 March 2022 / Accepted: 18 March 2022 / Published: 30 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Deforestation and Forest Degradation)
Forest restoration is increasingly becoming a priority at international and national levels. Identifying forest degradation, however, is challenging because its drivers are underlying and site-specific. Existing frameworks and principles for identifying forest degradation are useful at larger scales, however, a framework that includes iterative input from local knowledge-holders would be useful at smaller scales. Here, we present a new mechanism; a framework for developing criteria and indicators that enables an approach for the identification of forest degradation and opportunities for restoration in landscapes that is free from failures that are often inherent to project cycles. The Degradation and Restoration Assessment Mechanism (DReAM) uses an iterative process that is based on local expertise and established regional knowledge to inform what is forest degradation and how to monitor restoration. We tested the mechanism’s utility at several sites in the Lancang-Mekong Region (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam). The application of this mechanism rendered a suite of appropriate criteria and indicators for use in identifying degraded forests which can help inform detailed guidelines to develop rehabilitation approaches. The mechanism is designed to be utilized by any individual or group that is interested in degradation identification and/or rehabilitation assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lancang-Mekong Region; forest degradation; restoration; criteria; indicators; assessment Lancang-Mekong Region; forest degradation; restoration; criteria; indicators; assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferretti-Gallon, K.; Langston, J.D.; Wang, G.; Huang, K.; Long, C.; Zhai, H. Identifying Forest Degradation and Restoration Opportunities in the Lancang-Mekong Region: A Tool to Determine Criteria and Indicators. Climate 2022, 10, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10040052

AMA Style

Ferretti-Gallon K, Langston JD, Wang G, Huang K, Long C, Zhai H. Identifying Forest Degradation and Restoration Opportunities in the Lancang-Mekong Region: A Tool to Determine Criteria and Indicators. Climate. 2022; 10(4):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10040052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferretti-Gallon, Kalifi, James Douglas Langston, Guangyu Wang, Kebiao Huang, Chao Long, and Hongbo Zhai. 2022. "Identifying Forest Degradation and Restoration Opportunities in the Lancang-Mekong Region: A Tool to Determine Criteria and Indicators" Climate 10, no. 4: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10040052

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