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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2019, 8(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan8010006

Model Mediation to Overcome Light Limitations—Toward a Secure Tactile Internet System

1
Telecommunication Networks and Data Transmission, St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunication, 193232 St. Petersburg, Russia
2
Electronics and Communications Engineering, Zagazig University, Sharqia 44519, Egypt
3
Applied Probability and Informatics, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia
4
Faculty of Information Technology, Middle East University Amman, Amman 11831, Jordan
5
College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 84428, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 25 December 2018 / Published: 2 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors and Actuators: Security Threats and Countermeasures)
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Abstract

Enabling haptic communication as well as voice and data over the future 5G cellular system has become a demand. Tactile Internet is one of the main use cases of the 5G system that will allow the transfer of haptic communications in real time. Latency, availability, reliability, and security are the main design challenges of the tactile Internet system and haptic based bilateral teleoperation systems. An end-to-end latency of 1 ms remains the main challenge toward tactile Internet system realization, not only for the processing and coding delays but mainly for the limitations of light. In this work, we analyze the key solutions to overcome the light limitations and enable the tactile Internet over any distances with the required latency. Building a virtual model or model mediated for the remote environment at the edge cloud unit near to the end user is the main solution. By means of AI, the virtual model can predict the behavior of the remote environment and thus, the end user can interact with the virtual environment with a high system experience. This literature review covers the existing work of the model mediated bilateral teleoperated systems and discusses its availability for the tactile Internet system. Furthermore, the security issues of tactile Internet system and the effect of model mediated system on the required security level of tactile Internet applications are discussed. Finally, a structure for the tactile Internet system, with the deployment of model mediation, is suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: tactile Internet; model mediation; latency; security; haptic communication; teleoperation tactile Internet; model mediation; latency; security; haptic communication; teleoperation
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Ateya, A.A.; Muthanna, A.; Vybornova, A.; Gudkova, I.; Gaidamaka, Y.; Abuarqoub, A.; Algarni, A.D.; Koucheryavy, A. Model Mediation to Overcome Light Limitations—Toward a Secure Tactile Internet System. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2019, 8, 6.

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