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Article

Physical Dormancy Release in Medicago truncatula Seeds Is Related to Environmental Variations

1
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Hilario Ascasubi 8142, Argentina
2
Department of Botany, Palacký University, Šlechtitelů 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic
3
Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Department of Mathematical Analysis and Applications of Mathematics, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
5
UMR 1345 Institut de Recherche en Horticulture et Semences, Agrocampus Ouest, INRA, Université d’Angers, SFR 4207 QUASAV, 49070 Beaucouzé, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(4), 503; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040503
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 13 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seed Dormancy: Molecular Control of Its Induction and Alleviation)
Seed dormancy and timing of its release is an important developmental transition determining the survival of individuals, populations, and species in variable environments. Medicago truncatula was used as a model to study physical seed dormancy at the ecological and genetics level. The effect of alternating temperatures, as one of the causes releasing physical seed dormancy, was tested in 178 M. truncatula accessions over three years. Several coefficients of dormancy release were related to environmental variables. Dormancy varied greatly (4–100%) across accessions as well as year of experiment. We observed overall higher physical dormancy release under more alternating temperatures (35/15 °C) in comparison with less alternating ones (25/15 °C). Accessions from more arid climates released dormancy under higher experimental temperature alternations more than accessions originating from less arid environments. The plasticity of physical dormancy can probably distribute the germination through the year and act as a bet-hedging strategy in arid environments. On the other hand, a slight increase in physical dormancy was observed in accessions from environments with higher among-season temperature variation. Genome-wide association analysis identified 136 candidate genes related to secondary metabolite synthesis, hormone regulation, and modification of the cell wall. The activity of these genes might mediate seed coat permeability and, ultimately, imbibition and germination. View Full-Text
Keywords: association mapping; climate adaptation; germination; genomics; legumes; Medicago; plasticity; physical dormancy; seed dormancy association mapping; climate adaptation; germination; genomics; legumes; Medicago; plasticity; physical dormancy; seed dormancy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Renzi, J.P.; Duchoslav, M.; Brus, J.; Hradilová, I.; Pechanec, V.; Václavek, T.; Machalová, J.; Hron, K.; Verdier, J.; Smýkal, P. Physical Dormancy Release in Medicago truncatula Seeds Is Related to Environmental Variations. Plants 2020, 9, 503. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040503

AMA Style

Renzi JP, Duchoslav M, Brus J, Hradilová I, Pechanec V, Václavek T, Machalová J, Hron K, Verdier J, Smýkal P. Physical Dormancy Release in Medicago truncatula Seeds Is Related to Environmental Variations. Plants. 2020; 9(4):503. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040503

Chicago/Turabian Style

Renzi, Juan P.; Duchoslav, Martin; Brus, Jan; Hradilová, Iveta; Pechanec, Vilém; Václavek, Tadeáš; Machalová, Jitka; Hron, Karel; Verdier, Jerome; Smýkal, Petr. 2020. "Physical Dormancy Release in Medicago truncatula Seeds Is Related to Environmental Variations" Plants 9, no. 4: 503. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040503

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