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Open AccessReview

Soybean Resistance to Soybean Mosaic Virus

1
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(2), 219; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9020219
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2019 Feature Papers by Plants’ Editorial Board Members)
Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) occurs in all soybean-growing areas in the world and causes huge losses in soybean yields and seed quality. During early viral infection, molecular interactions between SMV effector proteins and the soybean resistance (R) protein, if present, determine the development of resistance/disease in soybean plants. Depending on the interacting strain and cultivar, R-protein in resistant soybean perceives a specific SMV effector, which triggers either the extreme silent resistance or the typical resistance manifested by hypersensitive responses and induction of salicylic acid and reactive oxygen species. In this review, we consider the major advances that have been made in understanding the soybean–SMV arms race. We also focus on dissecting mechanisms SMV employs to establish infection and how soybean perceives and then responds to SMV attack. In addition, progress on soybean R-genes studies, as well as those addressing independent resistance genes, are also addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme resistance; R-gene resistance; soybean; soybean mosaic virus extreme resistance; R-gene resistance; soybean; soybean mosaic virus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Widyasari, K.; Alazem, M.; Kim, K.-H. Soybean Resistance to Soybean Mosaic Virus. Plants 2020, 9, 219.

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