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Review

Baccharis dracunculifolia and Dalbergia ecastophyllum, Main Plant Sources for Bioactive Properties in Green and Red Brazilian Propolis

1
Department of Apiculture and Sericulture, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biotechnologies, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Life Science Institute “King Michael I of Romania”, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(11), 1619; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111619
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 21 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plants: Sources of Diversity in Propolis Properties)
Nowadays, propolis is used as a highly valuable product in alternative medicine for improving health or treating a large spectrum of pathologies, an ingredient in pharmaceutical products, and also as a food additive. Different vegetal materials are collected by honeybees and mixed with wax and other own substances in order to obtain the final product, called propolis. It is known as the bee product with the widest chemical composition due to the raw material collected by the bees. Different types are known worldwide: green Brazilian propolis (having Baccharis dracunculifolia as the major plant source), red Brazilian propolis (from Dalbergia ecastophyllum), European propolis (Populus nigra L.), Russian propolis (Betula verrucosa Ehrh), Cuban and Venezuelan red propolis (Clusia spp.), etc. An impressive number of scientific papers already demonstrate the pharmacological potential of different types of propolis, the most important activities being the antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant activities. However, the bioactive compounds responsible for each activity have not been fully elucidated. This review aims to collect important data about the chemical composition and bioactive properties of the vegetal sources and to compare with the chemical composition of respective propolis types, in order to determine the connection between the floral source and the propolis properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: Baccharis dracunculifolia; Dalbergia ecastophyllum; propolis; chemical composition; bioactive properties Baccharis dracunculifolia; Dalbergia ecastophyllum; propolis; chemical composition; bioactive properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moise, A.R.; Bobiş, O. Baccharis dracunculifolia and Dalbergia ecastophyllum, Main Plant Sources for Bioactive Properties in Green and Red Brazilian Propolis. Plants 2020, 9, 1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111619

AMA Style

Moise AR, Bobiş O. Baccharis dracunculifolia and Dalbergia ecastophyllum, Main Plant Sources for Bioactive Properties in Green and Red Brazilian Propolis. Plants. 2020; 9(11):1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111619

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moise, Adela Ramona, and Otilia Bobiş. 2020. "Baccharis dracunculifolia and Dalbergia ecastophyllum, Main Plant Sources for Bioactive Properties in Green and Red Brazilian Propolis" Plants 9, no. 11: 1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111619

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