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Born to Eat Wild: An Integrated Conservation Approach to Secure Wild Food Plants for Food Security and Nutrition

1
Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, via dei Tre Denari 472/a, 00054 Rome, Italy
2
Center for International Forestry Research, Penn State University, State College, PA 16802, USA
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Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Wakehurst, Ardingly, West Sussex RH17 6TN, UK
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Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 16500 Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
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The Indigenous Partnership for Agrobiodiversity and Food Sovereignty, c/o Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, Via dei Tre Denari 472/a, 00054 Rome, Italy
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Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project, Ministry of the Environment, Brasília-DF 70068-900, Brazil
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Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, Centro de Investigaciones Rurales–FCSH, Campus Gustavo Galindo-km. 30.5 vía Perimetral, Guayaquil 090112, Ecuador
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Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Especialidades Espíritu Santo, Samborondon 091650, Ecuador
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Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, Menemen, Izmir P.O. Box 9 35661, Turkey
10
Environmental Studies, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, QLD 4556, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(10), 1299; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101299
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 24 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources)
Overlooked in national reports and in conservation programs, wild food plants (WFPs) have been a vital component of food and nutrition security for centuries. Recently, several countries have reported on the widespread and regular consumption of WFPs, particularly by rural and indigenous communities but also in urban contexts. They are reported as critical for livelihood resilience and for providing essential micronutrients to people enduring food shortages or other emergency situations. However, threats derived from changes in land use and climate, overexploitation and urbanization are reducing the availability of these biological resources in the wild and contributing to the loss of traditional knowledge associated with their use. Meanwhile, few policy measures are in place explicitly targeting their conservation and sustainable use. This can be partially attributed to a lack of scientific evidence and awareness among policymakers and relevant stakeholders of the untapped potential of WFPs, accompanied by market and non-market barriers limiting their use. This paper reviews recent efforts being undertaken in several countries to build evidence of the importance of WFPs, while providing examples of cross-sectoral cooperation and multi-stakeholder approaches that are contributing to advance their conservation and sustainable use. An integrated conservation approach is proposed contributing to secure their availability for future generations. View Full-Text
Keywords: wild food plants; food security; nutrition data; multi-sectoral collaboration; policy; conservation wild food plants; food security; nutrition data; multi-sectoral collaboration; policy; conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borelli, T.; Hunter, D.; Powell, B.; Ulian, T.; Mattana, E.; Termote, C.; Pawera, L.; Beltrame, D.; Penafiel, D.; Tan, A.; Taylor, M.; Engels, J. Born to Eat Wild: An Integrated Conservation Approach to Secure Wild Food Plants for Food Security and Nutrition. Plants 2020, 9, 1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101299

AMA Style

Borelli T, Hunter D, Powell B, Ulian T, Mattana E, Termote C, Pawera L, Beltrame D, Penafiel D, Tan A, Taylor M, Engels J. Born to Eat Wild: An Integrated Conservation Approach to Secure Wild Food Plants for Food Security and Nutrition. Plants. 2020; 9(10):1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101299

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borelli, Teresa, Danny Hunter, Bronwen Powell, Tiziana Ulian, Efisio Mattana, Céline Termote, Lukas Pawera, Daniela Beltrame, Daniela Penafiel, Ayfer Tan, Mary Taylor, and Johannes Engels. 2020. "Born to Eat Wild: An Integrated Conservation Approach to Secure Wild Food Plants for Food Security and Nutrition" Plants 9, no. 10: 1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101299

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