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Article

Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution by CGIAR Genebanks

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Alliance of Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT), Via dei Tre Denari 472/a, 00057 Maccarese (Fiumicino) Rome, Italy
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Global Crop Diversity Trust (Crop Trust), Platz der Vereinten Nationen 7, 53113 Bonn, Germany
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International Potato Center (CIP), Av. La Molina 1895, La Molina Apartado 1558, Lima 12, Peru
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International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), Apdo. Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico, D.F., Mexico
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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice), Station de M’bé, Bouaké, 01 BP 2511 Bouaké, Cote d’Ivoire
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International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), PMB 5320, Ibadan 200001, Oyo State, Nigeria
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International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 114/5055, Beirut, Lebanon
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World Agroforestry (ICRAF), Box 30677, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 324, Telangana State, India
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International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
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International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Baños 4030, Laguna, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(10), 1296; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101296
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources)
The international collections of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) hosted by 11 CGIAR Centers are important components of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s global system of conservation and use of PGRFA. They also play an important supportive role in realizing Target 2.5 of the Sustainable Development Goals. This paper analyzes CGIAR genebanks’ trends in acquiring and distributing PGRFA over the last 35 years, with a particular focus on the last decade. The paper highlights a number of factors influencing the Centers’ acquisition of new PGRFA to include in the international collections, including increased capacity to analyze gaps in those collections and precisely target new collecting missions, availability of financial resources, and the state of international and national access and benefit-sharing laws and phytosanitary regulations. Factors contributing to Centers’ distributions of PGRFA included the extent of accession-level information, users’ capacity to identify the materials they want, and policies. The genebanks’ rates of both acquisition and distribution increased over the last decade. The paper ends on a cautionary note concerning the potential of unresolved tensions regarding access and benefit sharing and digital genomic sequence information to undermine international cooperation to conserve and use PGRFA. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; genebanks; access and benefit sharing; multilateral system; CGIAR plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; genebanks; access and benefit sharing; multilateral system; CGIAR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Halewood, M.; Jamora, N.; Noriega, I.L.; Anglin, N.L.; Wenzl, P.; Payne, T.; Ndjiondjop, M.-N.; Guarino, L.; Kumar, P.L.; Yazbek, M.; Muchugi, A.; Azevedo, V.; Tchamba, M.; Jones, C.S.; Venuprasad, R.; Roux, N.; Rojas, E.; Lusty, C. Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution by CGIAR Genebanks. Plants 2020, 9, 1296. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101296

AMA Style

Halewood M, Jamora N, Noriega IL, Anglin NL, Wenzl P, Payne T, Ndjiondjop M-N, Guarino L, Kumar PL, Yazbek M, Muchugi A, Azevedo V, Tchamba M, Jones CS, Venuprasad R, Roux N, Rojas E, Lusty C. Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution by CGIAR Genebanks. Plants. 2020; 9(10):1296. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Halewood, Michael; Jamora, Nelissa; Noriega, Isabel L.; Anglin, Noelle L.; Wenzl, Peter; Payne, Thomas; Ndjiondjop, Marie-Noelle; Guarino, Luigi; Kumar, P. L.; Yazbek, Mariana; Muchugi, Alice; Azevedo, Vania; Tchamba, Marimagne; Jones, Chris S.; Venuprasad, Ramaiah; Roux, Nicolas; Rojas, Edwin; Lusty, Charlotte. 2020. "Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution by CGIAR Genebanks" Plants 9, no. 10: 1296. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101296

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