Next Article in Journal
Tolerance of Eugenia dysenterica to Aluminum: Germination and Plant Growth
Previous Article in Journal
The Interplay among Polyamines and Nitrogen in Plant Stress Responses
Open AccessArticle

Influence of the Culture Substrate on the Agaricus blazei Murrill Mushrooms Vitamins Content

1
Horticulture and Landscape, Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Horticulture, Faculty of Horticulture, Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Mihai I of Romania”, 300645 Timisoara, Romania
3
Economics, Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
Technical Sciences and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(9), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8090316
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 28 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
The vitamin content of cultivated mushrooms differs from one species to another, depending on their stage of development, the nutrient substrate used to produce them, and the microclimate in the culture space. Agaricus blazei Murrill is one of the most popular cultivated medicinal mushrooms, with scientifically proven therapeutic properties. Considering that the Agaricus spp. mushrooms culture substrate can be produced using various raw materials, in this paper we have studied the influence of the culture substrate using four types of substrate with different protein additions on the vitamin content of mushrooms. The food qualities of the Agaricus blazei Murrill mushrooms, evaluated by the chemical composition, generally revealed the product obtained on the classic compost, improved with the addition of proteinaceous of corn flour. Mushrooms harvested on this substrate have the highest levels of B1 (1151 μg 100 g−1 dm), B9 (671 μg 100 g−1 dm), B12 (906 μg 100 g−1 dm), PP (55.33 μg 100 g−1 dm), and C vitamins (21.67 μg 100 g−1 dm). The content of ergosterol, as a precursor of D2 vitamin, has higher values in the product obtained on the classic compost, with the addition of wheat bran (90.17 mg 100 g−1 dm) and the addition of corn flour (94 mg 100 g−1 dm). View Full-Text
Keywords: Agaricus blazei Murrill; culture substrate; protein addition; vitamin content Agaricus blazei Murrill; culture substrate; protein addition; vitamin content
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rózsa, S.; Măniuțiu, D.-N.; Poșta, G.; Gocan, T.-M.; Andreica, I.; Bogdan, I.; Rózsa, M.; Lazăr, V. Influence of the Culture Substrate on the Agaricus blazei Murrill Mushrooms Vitamins Content. Plants 2019, 8, 316.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop