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Ethnopharmacological Properties and Medicinal Uses of Litsea cubeba

1
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli 791109, India
2
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
3
Molecular Genetics Lab, Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
4
Department of Energy and Material Engineering, Dongguk University-Seoul, Seoul 04620, Korea
5
Stemforce, 302 Institute of Industrial Technology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(6), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8060150
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 26 May 2019 / Accepted: 30 May 2019 / Published: 1 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Phytochemicals on Crop Protection and Biotechnology)
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Abstract

The genus Litsea is predominant in tropical and subtropical regions of India, China, Taiwan, and Japan. The plant possesses medicinal properties and has been traditionally used for curing various gastro-intestinal ailments (e.g., diarrhea, stomachache, indigestion, and gastroenteritis) along with diabetes, edema, cold, arthritis, asthma, and traumatic injury. Besides its medicinal properties, Litsea is known for its essential oil, which has protective action against several bacteria, possesses antioxidant and antiparasitic properties, exerts acute and genetic toxicity as well as cytotoxicity, and can even prevent several cancers. Here we summarize the ethnopharmacological properties, essentials oil, medicinal uses, and health benefits of an indigenous plant of northeast India, emphasizing the profound research to uplift the core and immense potential present in the conventional medicine of the country. This review is intended to provide insights into the gaps in our knowledge that need immediate focus on in-situ conservation strategies of Litsea due to its non-domesticated and dioecious nature, which may be the most viable approach and intense research for the long-term benefits of society and local peoples. View Full-Text
Keywords: human health; antimicrobial; essential oils; bioactive compound; conservation human health; antimicrobial; essential oils; bioactive compound; conservation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kamle, M.; Mahato, D.K.; Lee, K.E.; Bajpai, V.K.; Gajurel, P.R.; Gu, K.S.; Kumar, P. Ethnopharmacological Properties and Medicinal Uses of Litsea cubeba. Plants 2019, 8, 150.

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