Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Ethnopharmacological Properties and Medicinal Uses of Litsea cubeba
Previous Article in Journal
Silicon as a Vegetable Crops Modulator—A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Allelopathic Potency and an Active Substance from Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis
Open AccessReview

Myrica esculenta Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don: A Natural Source for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

1
I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab 144603, India
2
Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota Rajasthan 325003, India
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto 4200-319, Portugal
4
Institute for Research and Innovation in Health (i3S), University of Porto, Porto 4200-135, Portugal
5
Central Ayurveda Research Institute for Drug Development, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, Bidhannagar, Kolkata, West Bengal 700091, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(6), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8060149
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 22 May 2019 / Accepted: 25 May 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Phytochemicals on Crop Protection and Biotechnology)
Myrica esculenta (Myricaceae) is a popular medicinal plant most commonly found in the sub-tropical Himalayas. It is widely used in folk medicine to treat several ailments such as asthma, cough, chronic bronchitis, ulcers, inflammation, anemia, fever, diarrhea, and ear, nose, and throat disorders. Due to its multidimensional pharmacological and therapeutic effects, it is well recognized in the ayurvedic pharmacopeia. However, the recent upsurge in M. esculenta use and demand has led to illicit harvesting by the horticultural trade and habitat loss, pushing the plant to the brink of extinction. Thus, the present review aims to provide updated information on M. esculenta botany, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological effects, toxicity, and conservation methods, as well as also highlight prospective for future research. Particular emphasis is also given to its antioxidant potential in health promotion. In-depth literature was probed by searching several sources via online databases, texts, websites, and thesis. About 57 compounds were isolated and identified from M. esculenta, and the available reports on physicochemical parameters, nutritional and high-performance thin-layer chromatography analysis of bioactive plant parts are portrayed in a comparative manner. Friendly holistic conservation approaches offered by plant biotechnology applications, such as micropropagation, germplasm preservation, synthetic seed production, and hairy root technologies are also discussed. Nonetheless, further studies are needed to propose the mechanistic role of crude extracts and other bioactives, and even to explore the structure–function relationship of active components. View Full-Text
Keywords: Myrica esculenta; kaphal; ethnomedicinal; phytoconstituents; conservation; micropropagation; pharmacology Myrica esculenta; kaphal; ethnomedicinal; phytoconstituents; conservation; micropropagation; pharmacology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kabra, A.; Martins, N.; Sharma, R.; Kabra, R.; Baghel, U.S. Myrica esculenta Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don: A Natural Source for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Plants 2019, 8, 149.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Plants, EISSN 2223-7747, Published by MDPI AG
Back to TopTop