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Heterophylly: Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape in Aquatic and Amphibious Plants

by 1,†, 1,†, 1 and 2,3,*
1
The State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, The Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, China
2
Faculty of Life Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kamigamo-motoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
3
Center for Ecological Evolutionary Developmental Biology, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kamigamo-motoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Plants 2019, 8(10), 420; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100420
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Genes to Shape and Function: Leaf Morphogenesis at Play)
Leaves show great diversity in shape, size, and color in nature. Interestingly, many plant species have the ability to alter their leaf shape in response to their surrounding environment. This phenomenon is termed heterophylly, and is thought to be an adaptive feature to environmental heterogeneity in many cases. Heterophylly is widespread among land plants, and is especially dominant in aquatic and amphibious plants. Revealing the mechanisms underlying heterophylly would provide valuable insight into the interaction between environmental conditions and plant development. Here, we review the history and recent progress of research on heterophylly in aquatic and amphibious plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterophylly; submergence; environment; adaptation; molecular mechanisms heterophylly; submergence; environment; adaptation; molecular mechanisms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, G.; Hu, S.; Hou, H.; Kimura, S. Heterophylly: Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape in Aquatic and Amphibious Plants. Plants 2019, 8, 420. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100420

AMA Style

Li G, Hu S, Hou H, Kimura S. Heterophylly: Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape in Aquatic and Amphibious Plants. Plants. 2019; 8(10):420. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100420

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Gaojie; Hu, Shiqi; Hou, Hongwei; Kimura, Seisuke. 2019. "Heterophylly: Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape in Aquatic and Amphibious Plants" Plants 8, no. 10: 420. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100420

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