Ttc21b Is Required in Bergmann Glia for Proper Granule Cell Radial Migration
AbstractProper cerebellar development is dependent on tightly regulated proliferation, migration, and differentiation events. Disruptions in any of these leads to a range of cerebellar phenotypes from ataxia to childhood tumors. Animal models have shown that proper regulation of sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling is crucial for normal cerebellar architecture, and increased signaling leads to cerebellar tumor formation. Primary cilia are known to be required for the proper regulation of multiple developmental signaling pathways, including Shh. Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domain 21B (Ttc21b) is required for proper primary cilia form and function, and is primarily thought to restrict Shh signaling. Here we investigated a role for Ttc21b in cerebellar development. Surprisingly, Ttc21b ablation in Bergmann glia resulted in the accumulation of ectopic granule cells in the lower/posterior lobes of the cerebellum and a reduction in Shh signaling. Ttc21b ablation in just Purkinje cells resulted in a similar phenotype seen in fewer cells, but across the entire extent of the cerebellum. These results suggest that Ttc21b expression is required for Bergmann glia structure and signaling in the developing cerebellum, and in some contexts, augments rather than attenuates Shh signaling. View Full-Text
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Driver, A.M.; Shumrick, C.; Stottmann, R.W. Ttc21b Is Required in Bergmann Glia for Proper Granule Cell Radial Migration. J. Dev. Biol. 2017, 5, 18.
Driver AM, Shumrick C, Stottmann RW. Ttc21b Is Required in Bergmann Glia for Proper Granule Cell Radial Migration. Journal of Developmental Biology. 2017; 5(4):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Driver, Ashley M.; Shumrick, Christopher; Stottmann, Rolf W. 2017. "Ttc21b Is Required in Bergmann Glia for Proper Granule Cell Radial Migration." J. Dev. Biol. 5, no. 4: 18.