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Open AccessArticle

Using GIS to Explore the Potential of Business Rating Data to Analyse Stock and Value Change for Land Administration: A Case Study of York

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Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle, Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
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Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle, Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
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Department of Property Management and Development, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, Nottingham Trent University, 50 Shakespeare Street, Nottingham NG1 4FQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(5), 321; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9050321
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 4 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 12 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of GIScience for Land Administration)
This study explores the potential of GIS to map and analyse the distribution, stock and value of commercial and industrial property using rating data compiled for the purposes of charging business rates taxation on all non-residential property in the UK. Rating data from 2010, 2017 and 2019, comprising over 6000 property units in the City of York, were filtered and classified by retail, office and industrial use, before geocoding by post code. Nominal rateable values and floor areas for all premises were aggregated in 100 m diameter hexagonal grid and average rateable value calculated to reveal changes in the distribution and value of all employment floorspace in the City over the last decade. Temporospatial analysis revealed polarisation of York’s retail property market between the historic city centre and out-of-town locations. Segmenting traditional retail from food and drink premises revealed growth in the latter has mitigated the hollowing out of the city core. This study is significant in developing a replicable and efficient method of using GIS, using a nationally available rating dataset, to represent changes in the quantum, spatial distribution and relative value of employment floorspace over time to inform local and national land administration, spatial planning and economic development policy making. View Full-Text
Keywords: business rates; taxation; valuation; commercial property; England and Wales; retail; office; industrial; employment land; cadastre business rates; taxation; valuation; commercial property; England and Wales; retail; office; industrial; employment land; cadastre
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Greenhalgh, P.; King, H.; Muldoon-Smith, K.; Adebayo, A.; Ellis, J. Using GIS to Explore the Potential of Business Rating Data to Analyse Stock and Value Change for Land Administration: A Case Study of York. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 321.

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