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GIS-Based Statistical Analysis of Detecting Fear of Crime with Digital Sketch Maps: A Hungarian Multicity Study

by 1,2 and 3,*
1
Department of Regional Science, Faculty of Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, 1056 Budapest, Hungary
2
Institute of Advanced Studies, 9730 Kőszeg, Hungary
3
Institute of Geoinformatics, Alba Regia Technical Faculty, Óbuda University, 8000 Székesfehérvár, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(4), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9040229
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 23 March 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 9 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Crime Mapping and Analysis Using GIS)
This study evaluates fear of crime perception and official crime statistics in a spatial context, by applying digital sketch maps and statistical GIS methods. The study aims to determine explanatory motives of fear of crime by comparing results of selected large, medium and small sized Hungarian cities. Fear of crime information of residents were collected by using a web application, which gave the possibility to mark regions on a map, where respondents have a sense of safety or feel fear. These digital sketch maps were processed by GIS tools, and were converted to grid data, in order to calculate comparable explanatory variables for fear of crime analysis. The grid-based normalised model reflected some similarities and differences between the observed cities. According to the outcomes, examples were found both in coincidences and opposite correlations of crime statistics and perception of unsafe places, highlighting the importance of locality in fear of crime research. Additionally, the results mirrored that the size of the city or the respondent’s sex does not significantly influence the overall judgment of places, rather the absolute number of safe markings and the local number of registered crime events could affect local results. View Full-Text
Keywords: fear of crime; crime mapping; digital sketch maps; mental maps; statistical GIS fear of crime; crime mapping; digital sketch maps; mental maps; statistical GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jakobi, Á.; Pődör, A. GIS-Based Statistical Analysis of Detecting Fear of Crime with Digital Sketch Maps: A Hungarian Multicity Study. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 229. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9040229

AMA Style

Jakobi Á, Pődör A. GIS-Based Statistical Analysis of Detecting Fear of Crime with Digital Sketch Maps: A Hungarian Multicity Study. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(4):229. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9040229

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jakobi, Ákos, and Andrea Pődör. 2020. "GIS-Based Statistical Analysis of Detecting Fear of Crime with Digital Sketch Maps: A Hungarian Multicity Study" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 4: 229. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9040229

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