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Open AccessReview

Strengthening Participation Using Interactive Planning Support Systems: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, P.O. Box 6, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
2
NEST (P) Ltd., Shankhamul-34, Kathmandu, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9010049
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 30 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geo-Information Science in Planning and Development of Smart Cities)
Interactive Planning Support Systems (PSS) implemented on a maptable are deemed suitable to support participatory planning processes. They are supposed to facilitate exchange of knowledge between stakeholders, consensus building among them, and group-learning processes. In this systematic review, based on 16 case studies using interactive PSS, we analyze how these have contributed to the goal of strengthening stakeholder participation. To this end, we first elicit details of the interactive PSS and the related participatory processes. In the second step, we analyze how and what the studies report, as the impacts on participation. Results show that tools and applications have become more sophisticated over time and goals of the studies changed from collaboratively designing interventions to observing and understanding how the application of such tools contributes to improved plan outcomes and group-based learning. All interactive PSS succeeded to facilitate intensive stakeholder collaboration. However, many studies lack a proper framework for investigating its impacts on participation and therefore assess these rather incidentally based on implicit assumptions. Thus, a significant outcome of this review is an evaluation framework, which allows the structural assessment of the impacts of interactive PSS on stakeholder participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: maptable; interactive PSS; collaborative planning; PSS; stakeholders; participation maptable; interactive PSS; collaborative planning; PSS; stakeholders; participation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flacke, J.; Shrestha, R.; Aguilar, R. Strengthening Participation Using Interactive Planning Support Systems: A Systematic Review. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 49.

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