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Multistage Cascade Predictor of Structural Elements Movement in the Deformation Analysis of Large Objects Based on Time Series Influencing Factors

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Department for technical monitoring of Hydro Power Plants on the Neretva River, Public Enterprise Electric Utility of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Jablanica 88420, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo 71000, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(1), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9010047
Received: 14 December 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
Hydropower dam displacement is influenced by various factors (dam ageing, reservoir water level, air, water, and concrete temperature), which cause complex nonlinear behaviour that is difficult to predict. Object deformation monitoring is a task of geodetic and civil engineers who use different instruments and methods for measurements. Only geodetic methods have been used for the object movement analysis in this research. Although the whole object is affected by the influencing factors, different parts of the object react differently. Hence, one model cannot describe behaviour of every part of the object precisely. In this research, a localised approach is presented—two individual models are developed for every point strategically placed on the object: one model for the analysis and prediction in the direction of the X axis and the other for the Y axis. Additionally, the prediction of horizontal dam movement is not performed directly from measured values of influencing factors, but from predicted values obtained by machine learning and statistical methods. The results of this research show that it is possible to perform accurate short-term time series dam movement prediction by using machine learning and statistical methods and that the only limiting factor for improving prediction length is accurate weather forecast. View Full-Text
Keywords: structural health monitoring; dam deformation; precise surveying; time series prediction; machine learning; artificial neural networks; spatial interpolation; ARIMA structural health monitoring; dam deformation; precise surveying; time series prediction; machine learning; artificial neural networks; spatial interpolation; ARIMA
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Hamzic, A.; Avdagic, Z.; Besic, I. Multistage Cascade Predictor of Structural Elements Movement in the Deformation Analysis of Large Objects Based on Time Series Influencing Factors. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 47.

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