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Performance Testing on Marker Clustering and Heatmap Visualization Techniques: A Comparative Study on JavaScript Mapping Libraries

Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University in Olomouc, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(8), 348; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8080348
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 6 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Cartography for Big Data Solutions)
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Abstract

We are now generating exponentially more data from more sources than a few years ago. Big data, an already familiar term, has been generally defined as a massive volume of structured, semi-structured, and/or unstructured data, which may not be effectively managed and processed using traditional databases and software techniques. It could be problematic to visualize easily and quickly a large amount of data via an Internet platform. From this perspective, the main aim of the paper is to test point data visualization possibilities of selected JavaScript Mapping Libraries to measure their performance and ability to cope with a big amount of data. Nine datasets containing 10,000 to 3,000,000 points were generated from the Nature Conservation Database. Five libraries for marker clustering and two libraries for heatmap visualization were analyzed. Loading time and the ability to visualize large data sets were compared for each dataset and each library. The best-evaluated library was a Mapbox GL JS (Graphics Library JavaScript) with the highest overall performance. Some of the tested libraries were not able to handle the desired amount of data. In general, an amount of less than 100,000 points was indicated as the threshold for implementation without a noticeable slowdown in performance. Their usage can be a limiting factor for point data visualization in such a dynamic environment as we live nowadays. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; clustering; heatmaps; testing; web big data; clustering; heatmaps; testing; web
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Netek, R.; Brus, J.; Tomecka, O. Performance Testing on Marker Clustering and Heatmap Visualization Techniques: A Comparative Study on JavaScript Mapping Libraries. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 348.

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