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Spatial Learning with Orientation Maps: The Influence of Different Environmental Features on Spatial Knowledge Acquisition

Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(3), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8030149
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract

The prevalent use of GPS-based navigation systems impairs peoples’ ability to orient themselves. This paper investigates whether wayfinding maps that accentuate different types of environmental features support peoples’ spatial learning. A virtual-reality driving simulator was used to investigate spatial knowledge acquisition in assisted wayfinding tasks. Two main conditions of wayfinding maps were tested against a base condition: (i) highlighting local features, i.e., landmarks, along the route and at decision points; and (ii) highlighting structural features that provide global orientation. The results show that accentuating local features supports peoples’ acquisition of route knowledge, whereas accentuating global features supports peoples’ acquisition of survey knowledge. The results contribute to the general understanding of spatial knowledge acquisition in assisted wayfinding tasks. Future navigation systems could enhance spatial knowledge by providing visual navigation support incorporating not only landmarks but structural features in wayfinding maps. View Full-Text
Keywords: navigation; wayfinding support; spatial knowledge acquisition; orientation information navigation; wayfinding support; spatial knowledge acquisition; orientation information
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Löwen, H.; Krukar, J.; Schwering, A. Spatial Learning with Orientation Maps: The Influence of Different Environmental Features on Spatial Knowledge Acquisition. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 149.

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