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Open AccessArticle

Analyzing the Relationship between Perception of Safety and Reported Crime in an Urban Neighborhood Using GIS and Sketch Maps

1
Clark University, Department of International Development, Community and Environment, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
2
Main South Community Development Corporation, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(12), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8120531
Received: 7 October 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 27 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Crime Mapping and Analysis Using GIS)
This study analyzes the perception of safety among residents of Main South neighborhood in Worcester, MA, USA and compares it to reported crimes. This neighborhood is the focus of a community-based crime reduction project funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the policy development arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. We collected social disorder and violent crime data from the Worcester Police Department and conducted 129 household surveys to understand residents’ perception of safety in the neighborhood and trust in community institutions. The surveys included a map on which residents indicated where they felt unsafe. The goal of this research was twofold: (1) to use geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze the differences in perception of neighborhood safety by gender and length of residency in the neighborhood and (2) to explore the relationship between reported crime and perception of safety in the community. Findings indicate that the strength of the correlation between perceived safety and reported crime varies and that gender and length of residency are significant factors that shape perceptions of safety. Implications of this research suggest the need for comprehensive community-based development initiatives to offer differentiated strategies that address a broad range of safety perceptions and crime experiences among a diverse group of residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: crime mapping; crime perception; GIS; sketch maps crime mapping; crime perception; GIS; sketch maps
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Ogneva-Himmelberger, Y.; Ross, L.; Caywood, T.; Khananayev, M.; Starr, C. Analyzing the Relationship between Perception of Safety and Reported Crime in an Urban Neighborhood Using GIS and Sketch Maps. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 531.

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