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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(1), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8010044

TLS Measurement during Static Load Testing of a Railway Bridge

Department of Land Surveying, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
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Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
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Abstract

Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) technology has become increasingly popular in investigating displacement and deformation of natural and anthropogenic objects. Regardless of the accuracy of deformation identification, TLS provides remote comprehensive information about the measured object in a short time. These features of TLS were why TLS measurement was used for a static load test of an old, steel railway bridge. The results of the measurement using the Z + F Imager 5010 scanner and traditional surveying methods (for improved georeferencing) were compared to results of precise reflectorless tacheometry and precise levelling. The analyses involved various procedures for the determination of displacement from 3D data (black & white target analysis, point cloud analysis, and mesh surface analysis) and the need to pre-process the· 3D data was considered (georeferencing, automated filtering). The results demonstrate that TLS measurement can identify vertical displacement in line with the results of traditional measurements down to ±1 mm. View Full-Text
Keywords: point cloud analysis; 3D data comparing; vertical displacements; precise levelling; Polish railway bridges point cloud analysis; 3D data comparing; vertical displacements; precise levelling; Polish railway bridges
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gawronek, P.; Makuch, M. TLS Measurement during Static Load Testing of a Railway Bridge. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 44.

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