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The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia

1
Department of Geography, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
2
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 875302, Tempe, AZ 85287-5302, USA
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Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 297; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 11 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
Multiple studies have associated the density of alcohol establishments with crime. What is not well understood is the influence of establishment patron capacity on the magnitude of crime in an area, or how the spacing of liquor primary establishments impacts crime levels. Using a Poisson spatial lag model, we estimated how patron capacity of on-premises licenses and the total number of off-premises licenses were associated with the frequency of violent and disorder crime occurring on Friday and Saturday nights in Victoria, British Columbia. To identify how the distance between bars and pubs was associated with the frequency of crime within 200 m of each establishment, we applied bivariate curve fitting and change detection techniques. Our model explained 76% percent of the variance in crime frequencies. Bars and pubs within block groups, and in neighboring block groups, had a significant positive association (p < 0.05) with the frequency of crime compared to other on-premises licenses (e.g., restaurants, theatres, clubs, hotels), and off-premises liquor stores. For every additional 1111 bar or pub patron seats the crime frequency per block group is expected to double over a 17 month period (factor of 1.0009 per patron seat). Crime frequency significantly dropped (p < 0.05) around (200 m) bars and pubs that are spaced greater than 300 m apart. Our results provide the first evidenced-based information for evaluating the size and spacing of on-premises licenses in Canada. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol establishment; crime; violent; disorder; spatial lag; distance; off-premises; on-premises alcohol establishment; crime; violent; disorder; spatial lag; distance; off-premises; on-premises
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fitterer, J.L.; Nelson, T.A.; Stockwell, T. The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297

AMA Style

Fitterer JL, Nelson TA, Stockwell T. The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2018; 7(8):297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fitterer, Jessica L., Trisalyn A. Nelson, and Timothy Stockwell. 2018. "The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 7, no. 8: 297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297

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