Next Article in Journal
Grid-Based Crime Prediction Using Geographical Features
Previous Article in Journal
A Recommendation System Regarding Meeting Places for Groups during Events
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 297; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297

The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia

1
Department of Geography, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
2
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 875302, Tempe, AZ 85287-5302, USA
3
Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 11 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [2191 KB, uploaded 25 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

Multiple studies have associated the density of alcohol establishments with crime. What is not well understood is the influence of establishment patron capacity on the magnitude of crime in an area, or how the spacing of liquor primary establishments impacts crime levels. Using a Poisson spatial lag model, we estimated how patron capacity of on-premises licenses and the total number of off-premises licenses were associated with the frequency of violent and disorder crime occurring on Friday and Saturday nights in Victoria, British Columbia. To identify how the distance between bars and pubs was associated with the frequency of crime within 200 m of each establishment, we applied bivariate curve fitting and change detection techniques. Our model explained 76% percent of the variance in crime frequencies. Bars and pubs within block groups, and in neighboring block groups, had a significant positive association (p < 0.05) with the frequency of crime compared to other on-premises licenses (e.g., restaurants, theatres, clubs, hotels), and off-premises liquor stores. For every additional 1111 bar or pub patron seats the crime frequency per block group is expected to double over a 17 month period (factor of 1.0009 per patron seat). Crime frequency significantly dropped (p < 0.05) around (200 m) bars and pubs that are spaced greater than 300 m apart. Our results provide the first evidenced-based information for evaluating the size and spacing of on-premises licenses in Canada. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol establishment; crime; violent; disorder; spatial lag; distance; off-premises; on-premises alcohol establishment; crime; violent; disorder; spatial lag; distance; off-premises; on-premises
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fitterer, J.L.; Nelson, T.A.; Stockwell, T. The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 297.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top