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Open AccessArticle

Measurement of Opportunity Cost of Travel Time for Predicting Future Residential Mobility Based on the Smart Card Data of Public Transportation

1
Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
2
Mathematics and Informatics Center, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
3
Policy Alternatives Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(11), 416; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7110416
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 27 October 2018 / Published: 29 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human-Centric Data Science for Urban Studies)
This study attempts to investigate a method for creating an index from mobility data that not only correlates with the number of people who relocate to a place, but also has causal influence on the number of such individuals. By creating an index based on human mobility data, it becomes possible to predict the influence of urban development on future residential movements. In this paper, we propose a method called the travel cost method for multiple places (TCM4MP) by extending the conventional travel cost method (TCM). We assume that the opportunity cost of travel time on non-working days reflects the convenience and amenities of a neighborhood. However, conventional TCM does not assume that the opportunity cost of travel time varies according to the departure place. In this paper, TCM4MP is proposed to estimate the opportunity cost of travel time with respect to the departure place. We consider such estimation to be possible due to the use of massive mobility data. We assume that the opportunity cost of travel time on non-working days reflects the convenience and amenities of the neighborhood. Therefore, we consider that the opportunity cost of travel time has a causal influence on future residential mobility. In this paper, the validity of the proposed method is tested using the smart card data of public transportation in Western Japan. Our proposed method is beneficial for urban planners in estimating the effects of urban development and detecting the shrinkage and growth of a population. View Full-Text
Keywords: human mobility; residential mobility; smart card; public transportation; opportunity cost of travel time human mobility; residential mobility; smart card; public transportation; opportunity cost of travel time
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Maeda, T.N.; Mori, J.; Ochi, M.; Sakimoto, T.; Sakata, I. Measurement of Opportunity Cost of Travel Time for Predicting Future Residential Mobility Based on the Smart Card Data of Public Transportation. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 416.

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