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Open AccessArticle

Fast Inversion of Air-Coupled Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) Using in situ Particle Displacement

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, 110 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(4), 2619-2637;
Received: 25 May 2015 / Accepted: 17 November 2015 / Published: 24 November 2015
PDF [627 KB, uploaded 24 November 2015]


Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) is widely used in nondestructive subsurface profiling for geological sites. The air-coupled SASW is an extension from conventional SASW methods by replacing ground-mounted accelerometers with non-contact microphones, which acquire a leaky surface wave instead of ground vibration. The air-coupled SASW is a good candidate for fast inspection in shallow geological studies. Especially for pavement maintenance, minimum traffic interference might be induced. One issue that restrains SASW from fast inspection is the traditional slow inversion which relies on guess-and-check iteration techniques including a forward analysis. In this article, a fast inversion analysis algorithm is proposed to estimate the shear velocity profile without performing conventional forward simulation. By investigating the attenuation of particle displacement along penetrating depths, a weighted combination relationship is derived to connect the dispersion curve with the shear velocity profile directly. Using this relationship, the shear velocity profile could be estimated from a given/measured dispersion curve. The proposed procedure allows the surface wave-based method to be fully automatic and even operated in real-time for geological site and pavement assessment. The method is verified by the forward analysis with stiffness matrix method. It is also proved by comparing with other published results using various inversion methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: SASW; air-coupled; dispersion curve; inversion; particle displacement SASW; air-coupled; dispersion curve; inversion; particle displacement

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Lu, Y.; Cao, Y.; McDaniel, J.G.; Wang, M.L. Fast Inversion of Air-Coupled Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) Using in situ Particle Displacement. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 2619-2637.

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