Next Article in Journal
The Integration of Linguistic and Geospatial Features Using Global Context Embedding for Automated Text Geocoding
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring the Planning and Configuration of the Hospital Wayfinding System by Space Syntax: A Case Study of Cheng Ching Hospital, Chung Kang Branch in Taiwan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Using Exploratory Spatial Analysis to Understand the Patterns of Adolescents’ Active Transport to School and Contributory Factors
Article

Application-Based COVID-19 Micro-Mobility Solution for Safe and Smart Navigation in Pandemics

1
The Robotics Program, Department of Electrical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
2
Department of Information Technology, Manipal University Jaipur, Rajasthan 303007, India
3
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions [email protected] Fellow, School of Law & School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH89YL, UK
4
MagIC, NOVAIMS, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1070-312 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(8), 571; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10080571
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 6 August 2021 / Accepted: 21 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geo-Information Applications in Active Mobility and Health in Cities)
Short distance travel and commute being inevitable, safe route planning in pandemics for micro-mobility, i.e., cycling and walking, is extremely important for the safety of oneself and others. Hence, we propose an application-based solution using COVID-19 occurrence data and a multi-criteria route planning technique for cyclists and pedestrians. This study aims at objectively determining the routes based on various criteria on COVID-19 safety of a given route while keeping the user away from potential COVID-19 transmission spots. The vulnerable spots include places such as a hospital or medical zones, contained residential areas, and roads with a high connectivity and influx of people. The proposed algorithm returns a multi-criteria route modeled on COVID-19-modified parameters of micro-mobility and betweenness centrality considering COVID-19 avoidance as well as the shortest available safe route for user ease and shortened time of outside environment exposure. We verified our routing algorithm in a part of Delhi, India, by visualizing containment zones and medical establishments. The results with COVID-19 data analysis and route planning suggest a safer route in the context of the coronavirus outbreak as compared to normal navigation and on average route extension is within 8%–12%. Moreover, for further advancement and post-COVID-19 era, we discuss the need for adding open data policy and the spatial system architecture for data usage, as a part of a pandemic strategy. The study contributes new micro-mobility parameters adapted for COVID-19 and policy guidelines based on aggregated contact tracing data analysis maintaining privacy, security, and anonymity. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 routing problem; susceptibility mapping; pandemic urban sustenance; geospatial analysis; information management system COVID-19 routing problem; susceptibility mapping; pandemic urban sustenance; geospatial analysis; information management system
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mishra, S.; Singh, N.; Bhattacharya, D. Application-Based COVID-19 Micro-Mobility Solution for Safe and Smart Navigation in Pandemics. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10080571

AMA Style

Mishra S, Singh N, Bhattacharya D. Application-Based COVID-19 Micro-Mobility Solution for Safe and Smart Navigation in Pandemics. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(8):571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10080571

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mishra, Sumit, Nikhil Singh, and Devanjan Bhattacharya. 2021. "Application-Based COVID-19 Micro-Mobility Solution for Safe and Smart Navigation in Pandemics" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 8: 571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10080571

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop