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Open AccessArticle

Genome-Wide Analysis of Abscisic Acid Biosynthesis, Catabolism, and Signaling in Sorghum Bicolor under Saline-Alkali Stress

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Marine Agriculture Research Center, Tobacco Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China
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Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Regional Plant Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement (CTGU)/ Biotechnology Research Center, College of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China
3
BGI Co., Ltd. No.21 Hongan 3rd Street, Yantian District, Shenzhen 518083, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2019, 9(12), 823; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9120823
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 2 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Biology)
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world. It is an annual C4 crop due to its high biomass and wide usage, and has a strong resistance to stress. Obviously, there are many benefits of planting sorghum on marginal soils such as saline-alkali land. Although it is known that abscisic acid (ABA) is involved in plant abiotic stress responses, there are few reports on sorghum. Here, we obtained RNA-seq data, which showed gene expression at the genome-wide level under saline-alkali stress. The genes related to ABA biosynthesis, catabolism, and signaling were identified and analyzed. Meanwhile, their amino acid sequences were intermingled with rice genes to form several distinct orthologous and paralogous groups. ABA-related differentially expressed genes under saline-alkali stress were identified, and family members involved in ABA signaling were hypothesized based on the expression levels and homologous genes in rice. Furthermore, the ABA signaling pathway in Sorghum bicolor was understood better by interaction analysis. These findings present a comprehensive overview of the genes regulating ABA biosynthesis, catabolism, and signaling in Sorghum bicolor under saline-alkali stress, and provide a foundation for future research regarding their biological roles in sorghum stress tolerance.
Keywords: sorghum bicolor; abscisic acid; saline-alkali stress sorghum bicolor; abscisic acid; saline-alkali stress
MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, S.; Lv, L.; Meng, C.; Zhou, C.; Fu, J.; Shen, X.; Zhang, C.; Li, Y. Genome-Wide Analysis of Abscisic Acid Biosynthesis, Catabolism, and Signaling in Sorghum Bicolor under Saline-Alkali Stress. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 823.

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