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Open AccessArticle

Gender-Related Differences on Polyamine Metabolome in Liquid Biopsies by a Simple and Sensitive Two-Step Liquid-Liquid Extraction and LC-MS/MS

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Eurecat, Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya, Centre for Omic Sciences (Joint Unit Eurecat-Universitat Rovira i Virgili), Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructure (ICTS), 43204 Reus, Spain
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Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Virgen de la Victoria University Hospital, Institute of Biomedical Research of Malaga (IBIMA), 29010 Malaga, Spain
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CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Medical Oncology, Virgen de la Victoria University Hospital, Institute of Biomedical Research of Malaga (IBIMA), 29010 Malaga, Spain
5
Nutrigenomics Research Group, Biochemistry and Biotechnology Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
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Eurecat, Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya, Biotechnological Area, 43204 Reus, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2019, 9(12), 779; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9120779
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 26 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biogenic Polyamines and Related Metabolites )
Polyamines are involved in the regulation of many cellular functions and are promising biomarkers of numerous physiological conditions. Since the concentrations of these compounds in biological fluids are low, sample extraction is one of the most critical steps of their analysis. Here, we developed a comprehensive, sensitive, robust, and high-throughput LC-MS/MS stable-isotope dilution method for the simultaneous determination of 19 metabolites related to polyamine metabolism, including polyamines, acetylated and diacetylated polyamines, precursors, and catabolites from liquid biopsies. The sample extraction was optimized to remove interfering compounds and to reduce matrix effects, thus being useful for large clinical studies. The method consists of two-step liquid-liquid extraction with a Folch extraction and ethyl acetate partitioning combined with dansyl chloride derivatization. The developed method was applied to a small gender-related trial concerning human serum and urine samples from 40 obese subjects. Sex differences were found for cadaverine, putrescine, 1,3-diaminopropane, γ-aminobutyric acid, N8-acetylspermidine, and N-acetylcadaverine in urine; N1-acetylspermine in serum; and spermine in both serum and urine. The results demonstrate that the developed method can be used to analyze biological samples for the study of polyamine metabolism and its association with human diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyamines; acetylpolyamines; LC-MS/MS; obesity; polyamine metabolism; liquid biopsies polyamines; acetylpolyamines; LC-MS/MS; obesity; polyamine metabolism; liquid biopsies
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Samarra, I.; Ramos-Molina, B.; Queipo-Ortuño, M.I.; Tinahones, F.J.; Arola, L.; Delpino-Rius, A.; Herrero, P.; Canela, N. Gender-Related Differences on Polyamine Metabolome in Liquid Biopsies by a Simple and Sensitive Two-Step Liquid-Liquid Extraction and LC-MS/MS. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 779.

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