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Open AccessArticle

Molecular Dynamics of Chloroplast Membranes Isolated from Wild-Type Barley and a Brassinosteroid-Deficient Mutant Acclimated to Low and High Temperatures

1
Polish Academy of Sciences, The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland
3
Laboratory of Growth Regulators, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Experimental Botany & Palacký University, Šlechtitelů 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Institute of Biology, Biotechnology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Silesia, Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
5
Department of Environmental Protection, Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, University of Applied Sciences in Tarnów, Mickiewicza 8, 33-100 Tarnów, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2021, 11(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11010027
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phytohormones 2020)
Plants have developed various acclimation strategies in order to counteract the negative effects of abiotic stresses (including temperature stress), and biological membranes are important elements in these strategies. Brassinosteroids (BR) are plant steroid hormones that regulate plant growth and development and modulate their reaction against many environmental stresses including temperature stress, but their role in modifying the properties of the biological membrane is poorly known. In this paper, we characterise the molecular dynamics of chloroplast membranes that had been isolated from wild-type and a BR-deficient barley mutant that had been acclimated to low and high temperatures in order to enrich the knowledge about the role of BR as regulators of the dynamics of the photosynthetic membranes. The molecular dynamics of the membranes was investigated using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic area of the membranes. The content of BR was determined, and other important membrane components that affect their molecular dynamics such as chlorophylls, carotenoids and fatty acids in these membranes were also determined. The chloroplast membranes of the BR-mutant had a higher degree of rigidification than the membranes of the wild type. In the hydrophilic area, the most visible differences were observed in plants that had been grown at 20 °C, whereas in the hydrophobic core, they were visible at both 20 and 5 °C. There were no differences in the molecular dynamics of the studied membranes in the chloroplast membranes that had been isolated from plants that had been grown at 27 °C. The role of BR in regulating the molecular dynamics of the photosynthetic membranes will be discussed against the background of an analysis of the photosynthetic pigments and fatty acid composition in the chloroplasts. View Full-Text
Keywords: brassinosteroids; chloroplast membranes; temperature stress; barley; molecular dynamics; EPR brassinosteroids; chloroplast membranes; temperature stress; barley; molecular dynamics; EPR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sadura, I.; Latowski, D.; Oklestkova, J.; Gruszka, D.; Chyc, M.; Janeczko, A. Molecular Dynamics of Chloroplast Membranes Isolated from Wild-Type Barley and a Brassinosteroid-Deficient Mutant Acclimated to Low and High Temperatures. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11010027

AMA Style

Sadura I, Latowski D, Oklestkova J, Gruszka D, Chyc M, Janeczko A. Molecular Dynamics of Chloroplast Membranes Isolated from Wild-Type Barley and a Brassinosteroid-Deficient Mutant Acclimated to Low and High Temperatures. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(1):27. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11010027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sadura, Iwona; Latowski, Dariusz; Oklestkova, Jana; Gruszka, Damian; Chyc, Marek; Janeczko, Anna. 2021. "Molecular Dynamics of Chloroplast Membranes Isolated from Wild-Type Barley and a Brassinosteroid-Deficient Mutant Acclimated to Low and High Temperatures" Biomolecules 11, no. 1: 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11010027

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