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An Insight into the Algal Evolution and Genomics

1
Department of Biotechnology, Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
2
Laboratoire de Biologie des Ligneux et des Grandes Cultures (LBLGC), INRAE USC1328, Université d’Orléans, 28000 Chartres, France
3
Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(11), 1524; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111524
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 2 November 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
With the increase in biotechnological, environmental, and nutraceutical importance of algae, about 100 whole genomic sequences of algae have been published, and this figure is expected to double in the coming years. The phenotypic and ecological diversity among algae hints at the range of functional capabilities encoded by algal genomes. In order to explore the biodiversity of algae and fully exploit their commercial potential, understanding their evolutionary, structural, functional, and developmental aspects at genomic level is a pre-requisite. So forth, the algal genomic analysis revealed us that algae evolved through endosymbiotic gene transfer, giving rise to around eight phyla. Amongst the diverse algal species, the unicellular green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has attained the status of model organism as it is an ideal organism to elucidate the biological processes critical to plants and animals, as well as commercialized to produce range of bio-products. For this review, an overview of evolutionary process of algae through endosymbiosis in the light of genomics, as well as the phylogenomic, studies supporting the evolutionary process of algae was reviewed. Algal genomics not only helped us to understand the evolutionary history of algae but also may have an impact on our future by helping to create algae-based products and future biotechnological approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: algae; bio-products; bioengineering; Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; evolution; genomics; lignin; phenylpropanoids; phylogenetics; phyla algae; bio-products; bioengineering; Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; evolution; genomics; lignin; phenylpropanoids; phylogenetics; phyla
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, A.K.; Kausar, H.; Jaferi, S.S.; Drouet, S.; Hano, C.; Abbasi, B.H.; Anjum, S. An Insight into the Algal Evolution and Genomics. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1524. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111524

AMA Style

Khan AK, Kausar H, Jaferi SS, Drouet S, Hano C, Abbasi BH, Anjum S. An Insight into the Algal Evolution and Genomics. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(11):1524. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Amna K.; Kausar, Humera; Jaferi, Syyada S.; Drouet, Samantha; Hano, Christophe; Abbasi, Bilal H.; Anjum, Sumaira. 2020. "An Insight into the Algal Evolution and Genomics" Biomolecules 10, no. 11: 1524. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111524

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