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An Insight into the Algal Evolution and Genomics
Article

Study of Morphological Features and Determination of the Fatty Acid Composition of the Microalgae Lipid Complex

1
Institute of Living Systems, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, A. Nevskogo Street 14, 236016 Kaliningrad, Russia
2
Department of Bionanotechnology, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
3
Natural Nutraceutical Biotesting Laboratory, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
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Department of General Mathematics and Informatics, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
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Laboratory of Biocatalysis, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
6
Kuzbass State Agricultural Academy, Markovtseva Street 5, 650056 Kemerovo, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(11), 1571; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111571
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
Microalgae are rich in nutrients and biologically active substances such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, pigments, phycobiliproteins, among others. The lipid composition of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris, Arthrospira platensis, and Dunaliella salina was screened for the first time. The proposed method for purifying the lipid complex isolated from microalgae’s biomass involved dissolving the lipid-pigment complex in n-hexane for 4 h and stirring at 500 rpm. We found that the largest number of neutral lipids is contained in the biomass of microalgae Arthrospira platensis, fatty acids, polar lipids (glycerophospholipids), and unsaponifiable substances—in the biomass of microalgae Dunaliella salina, chlorophyll, and other impurities—in the biomass of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris. The developed method of purification of the fatty acid composition of the microalgae lipid complex confirmed the content of fatty acids in microalgae, which are of interest for practical use in the production of biologically active components. We also determined the potential of its use in the development of affordable technology for processing microalgae into valuable food and feed additives. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; lipids; fatty acid composition; purification; lipid complex microalgae; lipids; fatty acid composition; purification; lipid complex
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dolganyuk, V.; Andreeva, A.; Budenkova, E.; Sukhikh, S.; Babich, O.; Ivanova, S.; Prosekov, A.; Ulrikh, E. Study of Morphological Features and Determination of the Fatty Acid Composition of the Microalgae Lipid Complex. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1571. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111571

AMA Style

Dolganyuk V, Andreeva A, Budenkova E, Sukhikh S, Babich O, Ivanova S, Prosekov A, Ulrikh E. Study of Morphological Features and Determination of the Fatty Acid Composition of the Microalgae Lipid Complex. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(11):1571. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111571

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dolganyuk, Vyacheslav, Anna Andreeva, Ekaterina Budenkova, Stanislav Sukhikh, Olga Babich, Svetlana Ivanova, Alexander Prosekov, and Elena Ulrikh. 2020. "Study of Morphological Features and Determination of the Fatty Acid Composition of the Microalgae Lipid Complex" Biomolecules 10, no. 11: 1571. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111571

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