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Interrelationship between Lab, Space, Astrophysical, Magnetic Fusion, and Inertial Fusion Plasma Experiments

Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6315, USA
Atoms 2019, 7(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7010035
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SPIG2018)
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Abstract

The objectives of this review are to articulate geospace, heliospheric, and astrophysical plasma physics issues that are addressable by laboratory experiments, to convey the wide range of laboratory experiments involved in this interdisciplinary alliance, and to illustrate how lab experiments on the centimeter or meter scale can develop, through the intermediary of a computer simulation, physically credible scaling of physical processes taking place in a distant part of the universe over enormous length scales. The space physics motivation of laboratory investigations and the scaling of laboratory plasma parameters to space plasma conditions, having expanded to magnetic fusion and inertial fusion experiments, are discussed. Examples demonstrating how laboratory experiments develop physical insight, validate or invalidate theoretical models, discover unexpected behavior, and establish observational signatures for the space community are presented. The various device configurations found in space-related laboratory investigations are outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: laboratory plasma; astrophysical plasma; fusion plasma; lasers; stars; extragalactic objects; spectra; spectroscopy; scaling laws laboratory plasma; astrophysical plasma; fusion plasma; lasers; stars; extragalactic objects; spectra; spectroscopy; scaling laws
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Koepke, M.E. Interrelationship between Lab, Space, Astrophysical, Magnetic Fusion, and Inertial Fusion Plasma Experiments. Atoms 2019, 7, 35.

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