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Atoms 2018, 6(4), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms6040056

The Unified Theory of Resonance Energy Transfer According to Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics

Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109-7486, USA
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
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Abstract

An overview is given of the molecular quantum electrodynamical (QED) theory of resonance energy transfer (RET). In this quantized radiation field description, RET arises from the exchange of a single virtual photon between excited donor and unexcited acceptor species. Diagrammatic time-dependent perturbation theory is employed to calculate the transfer matrix element, from which the migration rate is obtained via the Fermi golden rule. Rate formulae for oriented and isotropic systems hold for all pair separation distances, R, beyond wave function overlap. The two well-known mechanisms associated with migration of energy, namely the R−6 radiationless transfer rate due to Förster and the R−2 radiative exchange, correspond to near- and far-zone asymptotes of the general result. Discriminatory pair transfer rates are also presented. The influence of an environment is accounted for by invoking the polariton, which mediates exchange and by introducing a complex refractive index to describe local field and screening effects. This macroscopic treatment is compared and contrasted with a microscopic analysis in which the role of a neutral, polarizable and passive third-particle in mediating transfer of energy is considered. Three possible coupling mechanisms arise, each requiring summation over 24 time-ordered diagrams at fourth-order of perturbation theory with the total rate being a sum of two- and various three-body terms. View Full-Text
Keywords: molecular quantum electrodynamics; resonance energy transfer; virtual photon exchange; Förster transfer; radiative exchange; discriminatory transfer; medium effects; polariton mediated exchange molecular quantum electrodynamics; resonance energy transfer; virtual photon exchange; Förster transfer; radiative exchange; discriminatory transfer; medium effects; polariton mediated exchange
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Salam, A. The Unified Theory of Resonance Energy Transfer According to Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics. Atoms 2018, 6, 56.

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