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Supersymmetric and Conformal Features of Hadron Physics

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
Universe 2018, 4(11), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe4110120
Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 6 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
The QCD Lagrangian is based on quark and gluonic fields—not squarks nor gluinos. However, one can show that its hadronic eigensolutions conform to a representation of superconformal algebra, reflecting the underlying conformal symmetry of chiral QCD. The eigensolutions of superconformal algebra provide a unified Regge spectroscopy of meson, baryon, and tetraquarks of the same parity and twist as equal-mass members of the same 4-plet representation with a universal Regge slope. The predictions from light-front holography and superconformal algebra can also be extended to mesons, baryons, and tetraquarks with strange, charm and bottom quarks. The pion q q ¯ eigenstate has zero mass for m q = 0 . A key tool is the remarkable observation of de Alfaro, Fubini, and Furlan (dAFF) which shows how a mass scale can appear in the Hamiltonian and the equations of motion while retaining the conformal symmetry of the action. When one applies the dAFF procedure to chiral QCD, a mass scale κ appears which determines universal Regge slopes, hadron masses in the absence of the Higgs coupling. One also predicts the form of the nonperturbative QCD running coupling: α s ( Q 2 ) e Q 2 / 4 κ 2 , in agreement with the effective charge determined from measurements of the Bjorken sum rule. One also obtains viable predictions for spacelike and timelike hadronic form factors, structure functions, distribution amplitudes, and transverse momentum distributions. The combination of conformal symmetry, light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to AdS 5 space, and the dAFF procedure thus provide new insights, not only into the physics underlying color confinement, but also the nonperturbative QCD coupling and the QCD mass scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum chromodynamics; color confinement; superconformal algebra; conformal symmetry; light-front holography quantum chromodynamics; color confinement; superconformal algebra; conformal symmetry; light-front holography
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Brodsky, S.J. Supersymmetric and Conformal Features of Hadron Physics. Universe 2018, 4, 120.

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