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Metabolites 2019, 9(4), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo9040073

Carbonic Anhydrases in Photosynthesizing Cells of C3 Higher Plants

Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Federal Research Center – Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino 142290, Russia
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Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 13 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbonic Anhydrases and Metabolism Volume 2)
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Abstract

The review presents data on the location, nature, properties, number, and expression of carbonic anhydrase genes in the photosynthesizing cells of C3 plants. The available data about the presence of carbonic anhydrases in plasma membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, chloroplast stroma and thylakoids are scrutinized. Special attention was paid to the presence of carbonic anhydrase activities in the different parts of thylakoids, and on collation of sources of these activities with enzymes encoded by the established genes of carbonic anhydrases. The data are presented to show that the consistent incorporation of carbonic anhydrases belonging to different families of these enzymes forms a coherent system of CO2 molecules transport from air to chloroplasts in photosynthesizing cells, where they are included in organic molecules in the carboxylation reaction. It is discussed that the manifestation of the activity of a certain carbonic anhydrase depends on environmental conditions and the stage of ontogenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbonic anhydrase; C3 plants; arabidopsis; gene expression; photosynthesis; chloroplasts; thylakoids carbonic anhydrase; C3 plants; arabidopsis; gene expression; photosynthesis; chloroplasts; thylakoids
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Ignatova, L.; Rudenko, N.; Zhurikova, E.; Borisova-Mubarakshina, M.; Ivanov, B. Carbonic Anhydrases in Photosynthesizing Cells of C3 Higher Plants. Metabolites 2019, 9, 73.

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