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Open AccessArticle

R&D Collaboration, Competitiveness Development, and Open Innovation in R&D

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Center of Potential and Innovation of Natural Resources, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, 6300-559 Guarda, Portugal
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Research Center in Business Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6200-609 Covilhã, Portugal
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Center for Studies in Education and Innovation, Polytechnic of Viseu, 3504-510 Viseu, Portugal
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Health Sciences Research Centre, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6(4), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040116
Received: 11 September 2020 / Revised: 12 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Open Innovation in Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises)
The competitiveness of the agro-industrial sector depends not only on its specific performance but also on the character and degree of the innovation performance, vital to added value development and differentiation in the biobased value-chain. This work intends to show, how through research and development (R&D), collaboration is possible to improve agri-food companies’ competitiveness, helping them to integrate biotechnology and offer innovative products. The method used to support the R&D collaboration model developed involves a diagnosis of biotechnological tools use, for developing appropriate solutions from food safety to food quality, improving health, and achieving new ingredients and/or food products within an agri-food Association partners survey results were integrated into the study of R&D collaboration practice. Results show that the companies (wine culture, fruticulture, and olive culture subsectors) inquired do not develop biotechnology research. They were all micro-business with a low volume of commercial billing, and only 27.3% claimed to have developed research activities in partnership with external research centres, but were not associated with higher education institutions. The barriers to the implementation of biotechnology techniques considered more relevant by respondents were access to capital and specialized human resources, which led to reinforcing the R&D collaboration strategy design. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovation; biotechnology; agri-food sector; R& D collaboration innovation; biotechnology; agri-food sector; R& D collaboration
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Paiva, T.; Ribeiro, M.; Coutinho, P. R&D Collaboration, Competitiveness Development, and Open Innovation in R&D. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6, 116.

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