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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4(3), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc4030033

Framing Open Innovation in Start-Ups’ Incubators: A Complexity Theory Perspective

1
Department of Information Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
2
Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2018 / Revised: 25 July 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
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Abstract

Recently, concepts and principles from the Complexity Theory (or, generally speaking, the complexity sciences) have been applied as a perspective for capturing the influence of the context, interaction, and adaption in the innovation processes, such as the ones enabled in the business incubators. The purpose of this paper is to implement a frame of reference for understanding the start-ups’ incubator as a complex system where innovation, learning, and self-organization take place. We build on the interfaces between the Complexity Theory (i.e., complexity sciences) and Open Innovation literature to identify principles, patterns, and conditions that frame the incubation practices as simple rules aimed to sustain the innovation process towards the creation of new ventures. Results from the multiple case studies conducted in five incubators show that the features of variety, nonlinear interaction, interdependence, autonomy, and emergence of the incubation process framed as a complex system are enabled in different ways by the combination of the open innovation practices and services provided by the start-ups’ incubators, including the provision of physical infrastructure, access to funding streams, experts/entrepreneurs networking, education/workshops, mentorship, and advice. View Full-Text
Keywords: open innovation; business incubator; complexity sciences; practices; case study open innovation; business incubator; complexity sciences; practices; case study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Battistella, C.; De Toni, A.F.; Pessot, E. Framing Open Innovation in Start-Ups’ Incubators: A Complexity Theory Perspective. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2018, 4, 33.

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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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