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Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity is published by MDPI from Volume 4 Issue 2 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Springer.

J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex., Volume 1, Issue 2 (December 2015) – 9 articles

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Article
A study on policy literacy and public attitudes toward government innovationfocusing on Government 3.0 in South Korea
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0027-3 - 29 Dec 2015
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 673
Abstract
This study aims to verify the relationship between policy literacy and attitudes toward the government innovation initiative known as Government 3.0. Also, this study hypothesizes that the relationship between policy literacy and policy attitude can be moderated by cognitive subject and analyzed according [...] Read more.
This study aims to verify the relationship between policy literacy and attitudes toward the government innovation initiative known as Government 3.0. Also, this study hypothesizes that the relationship between policy literacy and policy attitude can be moderated by cognitive subject and analyzed according to the type of cognitive subject involved. The multiple regression analysis based on the results of a survey that targeted 2,039 civil servants and ordinary citizens was utilized to verify the relationship. According to our research results, a high level of policy literacy about government 3.0 has a positive effect on policy support, and it is statistically significant. The effect of moderating variables, however, reveals that the impact of policy literacy on policy support varies depending on who the cognitive subject is. In addition, when the policy target groups are divided into civil servants and citizens, unlike the case of civil servants, a higher level of policy literacy on Government 3.0 in citizens does not necessarily lead to a higher level of policy support. The implication of this study is that unlike general misconception government officers do not groundlessly oppose government innovation programs. If there is enough information about the innovation, they will strongly support those changes. Also, in the case of citizens, rather than fancy slogans, it is necessary to guarantee transparent information and citizen participation. That can help ensure a positive correlation between policy literacy and policy support. Full article
Article
Complex adaptive systems approach to sewol ferry disaster in Korea
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0023-7 - 24 Dec 2015
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 693
Abstract
This paper aims to introduce the concept and characteristics of natech disaster (natural hazards triggered technological disaster) and to explore the policy issues in complex disaster management in Korea. This research examines the issues of natech complex disaster through analysis of Sewol ferry [...] Read more.
This paper aims to introduce the concept and characteristics of natech disaster (natural hazards triggered technological disaster) and to explore the policy issues in complex disaster management in Korea. This research examines the issues of natech complex disaster through analysis of Sewol ferry disaster. Various variables of developing the risk communication are derived using bow-tie model, and the detailed causes are derived using ABM (Agent -based model). Therefore, this study is to apply the catastrophe based approach for improving effective holistic approaches to disaster and to investigate the changing factor analysis of the risk communication with dynamic characteristics using the model of complex adaptive systems. Based on the results of analyzes, this research concludes with a few policy suggestions.
First, the natech complex disaster management needs to be approached in complex adaptive perspective. Second, by psychological, social network analysis, and linking reaction after the disaster, we could cope with the physical disaster similar in the future. Thus, the concepts of hazard and vulnerability cannot be defined independently of one another. Third, the perception of vulnerability as a “psychological event” implies that disaster has a point of beginning and an end.
Therefore, determines vulnerability management actions as prevention or mitigation (before), emergency response (during) and long-term rehabilitation and development (after), which together form part of the vulnerability management cycle.
In conclusion, complex adaptive systems approach to the vulnerability could cause us to change our focus on preparing for the impact of events, and perhaps it should induce us to widen our horizon concerning the dynamics and implications of the natech disaster. Full article
Article
Historical review on the patterns of open innovation at the national level: the case of the roman period
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0026-4 - 22 Dec 2015
Cited by 21 | Viewed by 621
Abstract
As a result of the open innovation dissemination, the necessity of open innovation is being magnified in the theory of national innovation system. Nevertheless, research on the relationship between the open innovation and national innovation system is insufficient so far. Therefore, this research [...] Read more.
As a result of the open innovation dissemination, the necessity of open innovation is being magnified in the theory of national innovation system. Nevertheless, research on the relationship between the open innovation and national innovation system is insufficient so far. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the open innovation cases of Roman era with the framework of national innovation system. We discovered and analyzed the case of Roman era such as Acquisition, In-sourcing, Collaboration, User innovation and Spin-off among the several type of open innovation. We expect that this research can help the establishment of future national innovation policy. Full article
Article
The impact of graduate students on research productivity in Korea
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0024-6 - 21 Dec 2015
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 567
Abstract
Even though graduate students are critical for carrying out research, they have not been treated as important in the existing literature on research productivity. Accordingly, this paper focuses on whether the number of graduate students has a significant impact on their supervisors’ research [...] Read more.
Even though graduate students are critical for carrying out research, they have not been treated as important in the existing literature on research productivity. Accordingly, this paper focuses on whether the number of graduate students has a significant impact on their supervisors’ research productivity. In order to address this question, we have collected a large scale data on Korean academics’ research performance. According to the results of the analysis, first, male researchers were found to have more graduate students than female researchers. Second, we found significant differences in the total number of graduate students employed by senior and junior researchers. Third, researchers from the capital were also found to manage more graduate students. Last, as we found the number of graduate students to correlate with significant differences in researchers’ productivity, we put forward some suggestions for ways to support researchers who are female, young, and located in non-capital areas. Full article
Article
A 3-d advancement of PythoCrypt for any file type
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0022-8 - 18 Dec 2015
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 650
Abstract
This research work discusses a file-type-independent cryptosystem using the conversion of Cartesian and Polar coordinate systems in three dimensions. This is an advancement to PythoCrypt (IJESM, Vol-3,Issue-2, 48-51,2013) where a new algorithm was discussed that can be effectively used to provide security to [...] Read more.
This research work discusses a file-type-independent cryptosystem using the conversion of Cartesian and Polar coordinate systems in three dimensions. This is an advancement to PythoCrypt (IJESM, Vol-3,Issue-2, 48-51,2013) where a new algorithm was discussed that can be effectively used to provide security to medical images (IEEE, Proceedings of ICe-HNAS-9, 244 – 247, 2007) or files that have a small region or block of interest (JMBE, Vol- 27, Issue-3,144-149, 2007)(Springer.Link, FAW-1 proceedings, 62-73,2007). The usage of geometrical objects for encryption is still young and an attempt was made to employ an enhanced method of PythoCrypt to encrypt different file types. The present research work explores the inter-operability of the two coordinate systems as a basis for a cryptosystem. The work proposes a crypto-system with considerable security with one requirement; the use of a secure channel for key exchange. Full article
Article
Promotion of university students’ collaborative skills in open innovation environment
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0021-9 - 01 Dec 2015
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 645
Abstract
It is argued that the participation in open innovation processes requires a specific set of thinking, skills and behaviours founded on the willingness and readiness to exchange, accept, encourage, cooperate and co-create based on trust and collaboration. The paper presents the results of [...] Read more.
It is argued that the participation in open innovation processes requires a specific set of thinking, skills and behaviours founded on the willingness and readiness to exchange, accept, encourage, cooperate and co-create based on trust and collaboration. The paper presents the results of a study conducted in Riga Technical University with 85 bachelor students within the study course “Economics of entrepreneurship” in the autumn semester of 2014. The course was organised in an open environment, in which students worked in teams for solving real life problems in order to create new products and services. They had the opportunity to act not only within the University framework realising intra-team and inter-team collaboration facilitated by teachers and invited entrepreneurs, but they were also encouraged to collaborate with specialists they needed from outside the University for the realization of their projects. The qualitative content analysis of the texts of the students’ reflection revealed how highly students evaluated the potential intergenerational collaboration outside the formal University frames. However their judgements on the advantages of such openness remained mainly at the level of theoretical judgements but were not followed by corresponding behaviour. Full article
Article
How do we conquer the growth limits of capitalism? Schumpeterian Dynamics of Open Innovation
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0019-3 - 10 Nov 2015
Cited by 124 | Viewed by 1373
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to answer the research question, “How do we conquer the growth limits of capitalism?” Based on existing studies on growth limits of capitalism by Marx and Schumpeter as well as the recent discussions of Drucker, Rifkin, and [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to answer the research question, “How do we conquer the growth limits of capitalism?” Based on existing studies on growth limits of capitalism by Marx and Schumpeter as well as the recent discussions of Drucker, Rifkin, and Piketty, the dynamic model of an open innovation economy system (OIES) is proposed as an answer to this research question.
OIES consists of an open innovation economy, closed innovation economy, and social innovation economy. The dynamics of OIES occurs from the positive interaction among the open innovation economy, closed innovation economy, and social innovation economy. The dynamics of the OIES circle are from an open innovation economy, through a closed innovation economy and social innovation economy, and back to an open innovation economy again. In addition, the validation of the model for the dynamics of OIES is improved by simulating the life cycle of the dynamics of OIES, low-level OIES dynamics, and high-level OIES dynamics, and by inquiring about a practical economic system corresponding to each simulation situation. Next through a comparative discussion between the linear steps of Schumpeter 1 and 2, and Socialist Democracy, and the dynamics of an open Innovation economic system, the practical and theoretical characteristics of the dynamics of OIES are clearly defined. Finally, the limits of this study and a follow-up research project are presented in addition to a summary of the discussion. Full article
Article
Open innovation of knowledge cities
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0020-x - 04 Nov 2015
Cited by 33 | Viewed by 798
Abstract
Purpose: This research seeks to answer the basic question, “As a city evolves from an industrial city to a knowledge one, are its open innovation activities vitalized?”
Design/methodology/approach: In this research, we compare the total number of patent applications, the number of joint [...] Read more.
Purpose: This research seeks to answer the basic question, “As a city evolves from an industrial city to a knowledge one, are its open innovation activities vitalized?”
Design/methodology/approach: In this research, we compare the total number of patent applications, the number of joint applicants of each patent, and the ratio of patents jointly applied, in four Korean cities—Daegu, Kwangju, Cheonann total, top 10 % patent applicants group among total patent applicants, and the lower 70 % patent applicant group among total patent applicants. The research included 144,625 patents submitted to the Korea Patent Office from 1981 to 2010.
Findings: As knowledge-based urbanization proceeds, the size of a knowledge city increases. The lowest 70 % of patent applicants (rather than the top 10 %) apply for more patents, and the breadth and depth of open innovation rises.
Research limitations/implications (if applicable): This research is limited to mutual patent applications as a target of open innovation. In the future, additional research will need to be conducted on various open innovation channels such as patent citation, intellectual property right transfer, licensing, and M&A.
Practical implications (if applicable): To maximize the beneficial characteristics of a knowledge city in a large city, the improvement of open innovation across the city is essential.
Social implications (if applicable): If strengthening open innovation by SMEs or start-ups is set as a corporate strategy or a government policy, it will be a source of development of knowledge-based urbanization and continued economic development of a knowledge city, as well as of the total knowledge assets. Full article
Article
Knowledge-based development as a new economic culture
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2015, 1(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-015-0017-5 - 15 Oct 2015
Cited by 28 | Viewed by 671
Abstract
This is a theoretical research paper that aims to make the case for the major cultural evolution underlying the transition from industrial to knowledge societies. The approach followed consists of a theoretical analysis of the re-definition of production factors as well as the [...] Read more.
This is a theoretical research paper that aims to make the case for the major cultural evolution underlying the transition from industrial to knowledge societies. The approach followed consists of a theoretical analysis of the re-definition of production factors as well as the output variables to characterize and measure social worth. A major emphasis is placed upon economy as culture, one where not just financial and material capital, but all worthy value dimensions are given due consideration. As a result, knowledge-based value is characterized through represented experience, i.e., acquired symbols and preference criteria. The nature of k-based as opposed to material-based economics is central to this discussion. The paper concludes that a new economic culture shall evolve in parallel to the emergence of knowledge cities and societies. The ‘knowledge’ attribute of knowledge cities relies on the capacity to balance all societal values into an equitable and sustainable dynamic equilibrium. The background section provides an introduction to the evolving concept of knowledge-based, in contrast to the prevailing material-based paradigm of industrial culture. The approach section explores the behavioral and social bases of such distinction. The discussion section concentrates on the economic foundations of knowledge-based value generation. Finally, the conclusions draw on the implications of the above discussion for economic science and the emerging knowledge-based culture. Full article
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