Next Article in Journal
The Impact of Bronchodilator Therapy on Systolic Heart Failure with Concomitant Mild to Moderate COPD
Next Article in Special Issue
Update Treatment for HBV Infection and Persistent Risk for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Prospect for an HBV Cure
Previous Article in Journal
Facilitating a More Efficient Commercial Review Process for Pediatric Drugs and Biologics
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperCommentary
Diseases 2018, 6(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases6010003

Hepatitis B Virus Genotype C is Predominant in Myanmar

1
Department of Molecular Virology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana 1-8-1, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8677, Japan
2
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 December 2017 / Revised: 23 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 26 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hepatitis and Treatment)
Full-Text   |   PDF [190 KB, uploaded 26 December 2017]

Abstract

Myanmar is adjacent to India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos and China. In Myanmar, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is 6.5% and accounts for 60% of hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV has nine genotypes that have been identified by molecular genetic analysis. HBV genotypes are associated with several clinical features. We reviewed the prevalence of HBV genotypes in Myanmar and neighboring countries. We also reviewed HBV genotypes in refugees from Myanmar. HBV subgenotype C1 is predominant in Myanmar. As HBV genotype C is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it is important to screen for cirrhosis and HCC and to prevent their development in HBV-infected individuals of Myanmar. View Full-Text
Keywords: HBV genotypes; hepatitis B virus; Myanmar HBV genotypes; hepatitis B virus; Myanmar
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nwe Win, N.; Nakamoto, S.; Myint Sein, M.; Moriyama, M.; Kanda, T.; Shirasawa, H. Hepatitis B Virus Genotype C is Predominant in Myanmar. Diseases 2018, 6, 3.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Diseases EISSN 2079-9721 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top