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Open AccessFeature PaperCommentary

Hepatitis B Virus Genotype C is Predominant in Myanmar

1
Department of Molecular Virology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana 1-8-1, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8677, Japan
2
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diseases 2018, 6(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases6010003
Received: 6 December 2017 / Revised: 23 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 26 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hepatitis and Treatment)
Myanmar is adjacent to India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos and China. In Myanmar, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is 6.5% and accounts for 60% of hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV has nine genotypes that have been identified by molecular genetic analysis. HBV genotypes are associated with several clinical features. We reviewed the prevalence of HBV genotypes in Myanmar and neighboring countries. We also reviewed HBV genotypes in refugees from Myanmar. HBV subgenotype C1 is predominant in Myanmar. As HBV genotype C is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it is important to screen for cirrhosis and HCC and to prevent their development in HBV-infected individuals of Myanmar. View Full-Text
Keywords: HBV genotypes; hepatitis B virus; Myanmar HBV genotypes; hepatitis B virus; Myanmar
MDPI and ACS Style

Nwe Win, N.; Nakamoto, S.; Myint Sein, M.; Moriyama, M.; Kanda, T.; Shirasawa, H. Hepatitis B Virus Genotype C is Predominant in Myanmar. Diseases 2018, 6, 3.

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