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Article

Smart Fuzzy Logic-Based Density and Distribution Adaptive Scheme for Efficient Data Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

by and *,†
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Electronics 2020, 9(8), 1297; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9081297
Received: 3 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
In vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), smart data dissemination is crucial for efficient exchange of traffic and road information. Given the dynamic nature of VANET, the challenge is to design an adaptive multi-hop broadcast scheme that achieves high reachability while efficiently utilizing the bandwidth by reducing the number of redundant transmissions. In this paper, we propose a novel intelligent fuzzy logic based density and distribution adaptive broadcast protocol for VANETs. The proposed protocol estimates the spatial distribution of vehicles in the network employing the Nearest Neighbor Distance method, and uses it to adapt the transmission range to enhance reachability. To reduce packet collisions, the protocol intelligently adapts the contention window size to the network density and spatial distribution. Bloom filter technique is used to reduce the overhead resulting from the inclusion of the neighbor IDs in the header of the broadcast message, which is needed in identifying the set of potential rebroadcasting vehicles. Our simulation results confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in enhancing reachability while efficiently utilizing bandwidth. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy logic; bloom filter; nearest neighbor; contention window size; transmission range; VANET broadcast; intelligent transportation systems fuzzy logic; bloom filter; nearest neighbor; contention window size; transmission range; VANET broadcast; intelligent transportation systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Limouchi, E.; Mahgoub, I. Smart Fuzzy Logic-Based Density and Distribution Adaptive Scheme for Efficient Data Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Electronics 2020, 9, 1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9081297

AMA Style

Limouchi E, Mahgoub I. Smart Fuzzy Logic-Based Density and Distribution Adaptive Scheme for Efficient Data Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Electronics. 2020; 9(8):1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9081297

Chicago/Turabian Style

Limouchi, Elnaz, and Imad Mahgoub. 2020. "Smart Fuzzy Logic-Based Density and Distribution Adaptive Scheme for Efficient Data Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks" Electronics 9, no. 8: 1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9081297

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