In this research study, a multiterminal voltage source converter (VSC) medium voltage DC (MVDC) distribution network hierarchical control scheme is proposed for renewable energy (RE) integration in a co-simulation environment of MATLAB and PSCAD/EMTDC. A DC optimal power flow (DC OPF) secondary controller is created in MATLAB. In PSCAD/EMTDC, the main circuit containing the adaptive DC voltage droop with a dead band and virtual synchronous generator (VSG) based primary controller for the VSCs is implemented. The simulation of the MVDC network under the proposed hierarchical control scheme is investigated considering variations in wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) power. The network is also connected to the standard IEEE-39 bus system and the hierarchical scheme tested by assessing the effect of tripping as well as restoration of the REs. The results show that during random variations in active power such as increasing wind and PV power generation, a sudden reduction or tripping of wind and PV power, the primary controller ensures accurate active power sharing amongst the droop-based VSCs as well as regulates DC voltage deviations within the set range of 0.98–1.02 pu with an enhanced dynamic response. The DC OPF secondary control optimizes the system’s losses by 38% regularly giving optimal droop settings to the primary controllers to ensure proper active power balance and DC voltage stability. This study demonstrates that the hierarchical control strategy is effective for RE integration in the MVDC distribution network.
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