For cellular-based vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) communication, vital information about status and intention is periodically broadcasted by each vehicle using the cooperative awareness message (CAM) service. In C-V2X, the task of resource allocation can either be carried out in a centralized manner by the network, termed Mode 3, or by the vehicles themselves in a distributed manner without any core network support, termed Mode 4. Mode 4 scheduling is accomplished by employing sensing-based semi-persistent scheduling (SB-SPS), where the vehicles sense the medium and identify the best time-frequency resource combination for transmission of the CAM. Focusing on Mode 4 in this paper, we present a comprehensive analysis of the impact of variations in the transmit power of the vehicle on the performance of SB-SPS for C-V2X communications in various traffic scenarios through simulations. An adaptive-transmit power control (A-TPC) algorithm is presented to improve the quality of service for various large-scale traffic scenarios, where each vehicle uses real-time channel-sensing information to adjust the transmit power in order to avoid interference with neighbouring vehicles. The results demonstrate that our proposed algorithm outperforms the conventional TPC schemes.
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