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Open AccessReview

A Review on the Role of Blockchain Technology in the Healthcare Domain

1
National Advanced IPv6 Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor 11800, Penang, Malaysia
2
School of Computer and Information Engineering, Sangji University, Gangwon 220-702, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(6), 679; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8060679
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 12 May 2019 / Published: 15 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electronic Solutions for Artificial Intelligence Healthcare)
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PDF [14838 KB, uploaded 15 June 2019]
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Abstract

Recently, there have been increasing calls for healthcare providers to provide controls for patients over their personal health records. Nevertheless, security issues concerning how different healthcare providers exchange healthcare information have caused a flop in the deployment of such systems. The ability to exchange data securely is important so that new borderless integrated healthcare services can be provided to patients. Due to its decentralized nature, blockchain technology is a suitable driver for the much-needed shift towards integrated healthcare, providing new insights and addressing some of the main challenges of many healthcare areas. Blockchain allows healthcare providers to record and manage peer-to-peer transactions through a network without central authority. In this paper, we discuss the concept of blockchain technology and hurdles in their adoption in the healthcare domain. Furthermore, a review is conducted on the latest implementations of blockchain technology in healthcare. Finally, a new case study of a blockchain-based healthcare platform is presented addressing the drawbacks of current designs, followed by recommendations for future blockchain researchers and developers. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; blockchain-based platform; DApp; decentralized application; healthcare; Internet of Things; IoT blockchain; blockchain-based platform; DApp; decentralized application; healthcare; Internet of Things; IoT
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Zubaydi, H.D.; Chong, Y.-W.; Ko, K.; Hanshi, S.M.; Karuppayah, S. A Review on the Role of Blockchain Technology in the Healthcare Domain. Electronics 2019, 8, 679.

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