Conventional differential synthetic aperture radar tomography (D-TomoSAR) can only capture the scatterers’ one-dimensional (1-D) deformation information along the line of sight (LOS) of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR), which means that it cannot retrieve the three-dimensional (3-D) movements of the ground surface. To retrieve the 3-D deformation displacements, several methods have been proposed; the performance is limited due to the insufficient sensitivity for retrieving the North-South motion component. In this paper, an improved D-TomoSAR model is established by introducing the scatterers’ 3-D deformation parameters in slant range, azimuth, and elevation directions into the traditional D-TomoSAR model. The improved D-TomoSAR can be regarded as a multi-component two-dimensional (2-D) polynomial phase signal (PPS). Then, an effective algorithm is proposed to retrieve the 3-D deformation parameters of the ground surface by the 2-D product high-order ambiguity function (PHAF) with the relax (RELAX) algorithm. The estimation performance is investigated and compared with the traditional algorithm. Simulations and experimental results with semi-real data verify the effectiveness of the proposed signal model and algorithm.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited