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Open AccessReview

A Comprehensive Review on a PV Based System to Harvest Maximum Power

Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230001, China
Department of Computer Engineering, University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Central Punjab, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(12), 1480;
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 25 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Power Electronics)
In this paper, a comprehensive review of essential components of the PV (Photovoltaic) system is elaborated, and their comparative unique features are discussed. The paper describes hardware design (power converters topologies specifically) employed in PV based energy generation systems to harvest maximum power from the available energy source. In this study, thirty different Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) techniques have been critically analyzed and their response with respect to partial shading condition has been discussed. It is very difficult to say which technique is best as one must consider various factors and parameters while selecting a technique such as application, convergence speed, accuracy, efficiency, system reliability, and cost and performance of available hardware. Aiming at the complexity, hardware implementation, tracking speed, steady-state accuracy, or global maximum detection of the algorithm, an MPPT algorithm based on a rule table is proposed. In addition, the MPPT of a PV system based on bio inspired techniques is considered. The bio inspired algorithms and its application in PV system are compared for the authenticity of the review, and six different MPPT techniques are implemented on PV systems. A comparative analysis is made based on the results of four different cases of irradiance.
Keywords: maximum power point tracking (MPPT); renewable energy (RE); photovoltaic (PV) maximum power point tracking (MPPT); renewable energy (RE); photovoltaic (PV)
MDPI and ACS Style

Javed, M.Y.; Mirza, A.F.; Hasan, A.; Hussain Rizvi, S.T.; Ling, Q.; Gulzar, M.M.; Safder, M.U.; Mansoor, M. A Comprehensive Review on a PV Based System to Harvest Maximum Power. Electronics 2019, 8, 1480.

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