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Innovative Use of Wrist-Worn Wearable Devices in the Sports Domain: A Systematic Review

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Telematics Engineering Department, Universidade de Vigo, Escola de Enxeñaría de Telecomunicación, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Spain
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Special Didactics Department, Universidade de Vigo, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, Campus a Xunqueira, 36156 Pontevedra, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(11), 1257; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8111257
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 22 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
Wrist wearables are becoming more and more popular, and its use is widespread in sports, both professional and amateur. However, at present, they do not seem to exploit all their potential. The objective of this study is to explore innovative proposals for the use of wearable wrist technology in the field of sports, to understand its potential and identify new challenges and lines of future research related to this technology. A systematic review of the scientific literature, collected in 4 major repositories, was carried out to locate research initiatives where wrist wearables were introduced to address some sports-related challenges. Those works that were limited to evaluating sensor performance in sports activities and those in which wrist wearable devices did not play a significant role were excluded. 26 articles were eventually selected for full-text analysis that discuss the introduction of wrist-worn wearables to address some innovative use in the sports field. This study showcases relevant proposals in 10 different sports. The research initiatives identified are oriented to the use of wearable wrist technology (i) for the comprehensive monitoring of sportspeople’s behavior in activities not supported by the vendors, (ii) to identify specific types of movements or actions in specific sports, and (iii) to prevent injuries. There are, however, open issues that should be tackled in the future, such as the incorporation of these devices in sports activities not currently addressed, or the provision of specific recommendation services for sport practitioners. View Full-Text
Keywords: wrist-worn wearables; smartwatches; smartbands; activity trackers; sports; sensors wrist-worn wearables; smartwatches; smartbands; activity trackers; sports; sensors
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Santos-Gago, J.M.; Ramos-Merino, M.; Vallarades-Rodriguez, S.; Álvarez-Sabucedo, L.M.; Fernández-Iglesias, M.J.; García-Soidán, J.L. Innovative Use of Wrist-Worn Wearable Devices in the Sports Domain: A Systematic Review. Electronics 2019, 8, 1257.

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