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Electronics 2019, 8(1), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8010064

An Oscillatory Neural Network Based Local Processing Unit for Pattern Recognition Applications

1
School of Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
2
School of Systems and Enterprises, Stevens Institute of Technology, NJ 07030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 1 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 6 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Circuit and Signal Processing)
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Abstract

Prolific growth of sensors and sensor technology has resulted various applications in sensing, monitoring, assessment and control operations. Owing to the large number of sensing units the the aggregate data volume creates a burden to the central data processing unit. This paper demonstrates an analog computational platform using weakly coupled oscillator neural network for pattern recognition applications. The oscillator neural network (ONN) has been studied over the last couple of decades for it’s increasing computational efficiency. The coupled ONN can realize the classification and pattern recognition functionalities based on its synchronization phenomenon. The convergence time and frequency of synchronization are considered as the indicator of recognition. For hierarchical sensing, the synchronization is detected in the first layer, and then the classification is accomplished in the second layer. In this work, a Kuramoto model based frequency synchronization approach is utilized, and simulation results indicate less than 160 ms convergence time and close frequency match for a simplified pattern recognition application. An array of 10 sensors is considered to affect the coupling weights of the oscillating nodes, and demonstrate network level computation. Based on MATLAB simulations, the proposed ONN architecture can successfully detect the close-in-match pattern through synchronization, and differentiate the far-out-match pattern through loss of synchronization in the oscillating nodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: associative memory (AM); oscillatory neural network; Kuramoto model; synchronization; hierarchical clustering; pattern recognition; classification associative memory (AM); oscillatory neural network; Kuramoto model; synchronization; hierarchical clustering; pattern recognition; classification
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Zhang, T.; Haider, M.R.; Massoud, Y.; Alexander, J.I.D. An Oscillatory Neural Network Based Local Processing Unit for Pattern Recognition Applications. Electronics 2019, 8, 64.

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