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Open AccessArticle

Improving Energy Efficiency of Irrigation Wells by Using an IoT-Based Platform

1
Department of Information and Communications Engineering, Computer Science Faculty, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Odin Solutions S.L, Polígono Industrial Oeste C/ Perú, 5, 3°, Oficina 12, Alcantarilla, 30820 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George Angelos Papadopoulos
Electronics 2021, 10(3), 250; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10030250
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 20 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electronics for Agriculture)
The irrigation sector has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent decades due to the application of pressurized water distribution technologies, improving the management of limited water resources. As a result of this transformation, irrigation has become, together with agricultural machinery, the primary consumer of energy within the agri-food sector. Furthermore, the energy cost of operating pumping equipment during a farming season represents 30–40% of the crop’s total cost. For this reason, one of the most interesting challenges in this scope is that of improving energy efficiency and reducing economic costs so that productive work become more and more competitive. Energy audit makes possible to determine the efficiency of installations, and enables to determine energy saving protocols (requirements), for this reason the aim of this article is to carry out these by using IoT-based systems. The proposed system improves decision-making on agricultural pumping management by classifying wells’ efficiency and integrating the data sets that determine their efficiency into a single information model. The system monitors energy efficiency according to different parameters such as: infrastructure, energy consumption, electric rates, manometric height or type of installation, making it possible to enhance each pumping operation’s decisions. This solution has been deployed in an irrigation community in southeast Spain whose results have warned about the lack of efficiency in two of its wells: in one of them it is proposed that they be replaced, due to the high cost of pumping water, and in the other, hydraulic mechanisms are implemented to improve the water-energy binomial. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy monitoring; information model; IoT platform; smart agriculture; water pumping energy monitoring; information model; IoT platform; smart agriculture; water pumping
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Morales, J.A.; Martínez, J.A.; Skarmeta, A.F. Improving Energy Efficiency of Irrigation Wells by Using an IoT-Based Platform. Electronics 2021, 10, 250. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10030250

AMA Style

López-Morales JA, Martínez JA, Skarmeta AF. Improving Energy Efficiency of Irrigation Wells by Using an IoT-Based Platform. Electronics. 2021; 10(3):250. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10030250

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Morales, Juan A.; Martínez, Juan A.; Skarmeta, Antonio F. 2021. "Improving Energy Efficiency of Irrigation Wells by Using an IoT-Based Platform" Electronics 10, no. 3: 250. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10030250

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