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Biotechnology Applied to Cosmetics and Aesthetic Medicines
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Fermented Oils on Alpha-Biodiversity and Relative Abundance of Cheek Resident Skin Microbiota

Human Advanced Microbiome Project-HMAP, 20129 Milan, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to the paper.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7020034
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Cosmetics in 2020)
The skin microbiome is in a very close mutualistic relationship with skin cells, influencing their physiology and immunology and participating in many dermatological conditions. Today, there is much interest in cosmetic ingredients that may promote a healthy microbiome, especially postbiotics, mainly derived from fermented products. In the present work, we studied the effects on skin microbiota of new patented natural oils obtained by unique fermentation technology in vivo. Three fermented oils were evaluated: F-Shiunko (FS), F-Artemisia® (FA) and F-Glycyrrhiza® (FG). The active components were included as single active component or in combination (FSAG) in an emulsion system. A total of 20 healthy women were recruited, and skin microbiota from cheek were analyzed by mean of swab sampling at T0 and T1 (after 4 weeks of a one-day treatment). 16S sequencing revealed that the treatment with fermented oils improved microbiome composition and alpha-diversity. It was shown that higher biodiversity reflects in a healthier microbial ecosystem since microbial diversity decreases in the presence of a disease or due to aging. The treatment also resulted in a more “beneficial” and “younger” microbial community since a significant decrease in Proteobacteria and the increase in Staphylococcus were reported after the treatment with fermented oils. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiota; skin; postbiotic; fermented oil; alpha-diversity microbiota; skin; postbiotic; fermented oil; alpha-diversity
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Ciardiello, T.; Pinto, D.; Marotta, L.; Giuliani, G.; Rinaldi, F. Effects of Fermented Oils on Alpha-Biodiversity and Relative Abundance of Cheek Resident Skin Microbiota. Cosmetics 2020, 7, 34.

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