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Pollution Damage and Protection of Asian Hair

Ashland Specialty Ingredients, Shanghai 200233, China
Ashland Specialty Ingredients, Zwijindrecht 3336, The Netherlands
Ashland Specialty Ingredients, Bridgewater, NJ 08807, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2018, 5(1), 17;
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antipollution Cosmetics: Trends, Test and Issues)
PDF [1662 KB, uploaded 2 February 2018]


Cigarette smoke was used to simulate a polluted environment and an experiment was performed to reveal how virgin and bleached hair are damaged by a polluted environment. The dry/wet combability, surface contact angle, tryptophan content, and cuticle morphology of the smoke exposed hair were evaluated, and compared to unexposed virgin hair. The results showed that pollution exposure can cause significant chemical damage to hair. In particular, virgin hair exposure to pollution can cause damage to the hair cuticles (higher wet/dry combing), protein degradation, and a more hydrophilic hair surface. The experiment also demonstrated that the styling polymer, polyimide-1 (isobutylene/dimethyl amino propyl maleimide/ethoxylated maleimide/maleic acid copolymer), can provide effective protection against such hair damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: hair damage; cigarette smoke; pollution; protein damage; polyimide-1 hair damage; cigarette smoke; pollution; protein damage; polyimide-1

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Qu, X.; Niu, L.; Kroon, B.; Foltis, L. Pollution Damage and Protection of Asian Hair. Cosmetics 2018, 5, 17.

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