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Cosmetics 2017, 4(2), 20;

Toxic Evaluation of Cymbopogon citratus Chemical Fractions in E. coli

Plant Biology Department, Faculty of Biology, University of Havana, Havana 10400, Cuba
Radiobiology Department, Center of Applied Technology and Nuclear Development (CEADEN), Havana 10400, Cuba
Microbiology Department, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 13 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 17 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Extracts in Skin Care Products)
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Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf is consumed as a popular decoction owing to its nice flavor and hypotensor property. Its aqueous extract radioprotector and antimutagenic properties have been experimentally demonstrated. In addition, its DNA protective activity against UV light has been proved in plasmid DNA and bacterial models. The fractioning process is important in order to identify phytocompounds responsible for this activity. In this work, the toxicity of three fractions obtained from Cymbopogon citratus (essential oils, butanolic and aqueous fractions) were tested using the SOS Chromotest in Escherichia coli. Cymbopogon citratus chemical fractions possess cytotoxic properties in E. coli in the following order butanolic > aqueous > essentials oils. Genotoxic properties were detected in any of the fractions. View Full-Text
Keywords: essential oils; butanolic and aqueous fractions; SOS assay essential oils; butanolic and aqueous fractions; SOS assay
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Fuentes-León, F.; González-Pumariega, M.; Vernhes Tamayo, M.; Menck, C.F.M.; Sánchez-Lamar, Á. Toxic Evaluation of Cymbopogon citratus Chemical Fractions in E. coli. Cosmetics 2017, 4, 20.

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